The notion that a political party will take clear and distinct stands on the issues and enact them as policy when in office.
Prospective Voting Model
A theory of democratic elections in which voters decide what government will do in the near future by choosing one or another responsible party.
Electoral Competition Model
A form of election in which parties seeking votes move toward the median voter of the center of the political spectrum.
The voter at the exact middle of the political issue spectrum.
Electoral Reward and Punishment
The tendency to vote for the incumbents when times are good and against them when times are bad; same as retrospective voting.
A form of election in which voters look back at the performance of a party in power and cast ballots on the basis of how well it did in office.
A vote that is cast but not counted until determination is made that the voter is properly registered.
The legal right to vote; see suffrage.
The legal right to vote; see franchise.
Representatives selected in each of the states, their numbers based on each state's total number of its senators and representatives; a majority of Electoral College votes elects the president.
A gathering of delegates who nominate a party's presidential candidate.
Statewide elections in which voters choose delegates to national party conventions.
Caucus Nominating System
The process for selecting delegates to the national party conventions characterized by neighborhood and area-wide meetings of party supporters and acitivists.
The proportion of eligible or voting age Americans who actually vote in a given election; the two ways of counting turnout yield different results.
Procedures available in some states by which state laws or constitutional amendments proposed by the legislature are submitted to the voters for approval or rejection.
Procedures available in some states for citizens to put proposed laws and constitutional amendments on the ballot for voter approval or rejection.
Representatives who are elected in the states to formally choose the U.S. president
More votes than any other candidate but less than a majority of all votes cast.