Kingdom Protista includes...
the widest variety of organisms, but all are eukaryotes
Most Protista are...
single-celled, but many are primitive multicelled eukaryotes
hetero and auto
protista examples of heterotrophs
amoeba and paramecium
protista examples of autotrophs
protista move by...
using pseudopods (amoeba), cilia (paramecium) or flagellum (euglena)
Protista includes organisms that do not fit into the fungi or plant kingdoms such as...
slime mold and seaweeds
protista sexual reproduction??
sometimes through conjugation, a primitive form of sexual reproduction where individuals exchange genetic materal, such as paramecium and algae
some cause amoebic dysentery and malaria
Kingdom Fungi are...
all heterotrophic eukaryotes which can be either unicellular or multicellular
Fungi carry out extracellular digestion by...
secreting hydrolytic enzymes outside the body; after digestion, the building blocks of the nutrients are absorbed into the body of the fungus by diffusion
fungi are important in ecosystems as...
the cell walls of fungi are composed of
chitin not cellulose
certain fungi combine with algae in a mutualistic, symbiotic relationship forming...
lichens, which are photosynthetic; they are often the pioneer organisms which can colonize bare rock
fungi can reproduce...
asexually by budding (yeast), spore formation (bread mold), or fragmentation whereby a single parent breaks into parts that regenerate into whole new individuals; they can also reproduce sexually
examples of fungi are...
yeast, mold, mushrooms, and the fungus that causes athlete's foot
all are multicellular, nonmotile, autotrophic eukaryotes
plants store their carb's as
sexually by alternating between gametophyte and sporophyte (2n) generations
plants that have vascular tissue are
plants that do not have vascular tissues are
ex's of Plantae
mosses, ferns, cone-bearing and flowering plants
all are heterotrophi, multicellular eukaryotes; most are motile and can move on their own
the traditional way of classifying animals is primarily based on...
anatomical structures (homologous) and embryonic development
how many animal phyla are there?