Chapter 19

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Which term describes the spread of malignant tumors to a distant location?
a. metastasis
b. anaplasia
c. infiltration
d. invasion
e. encapsulation

a. metastasis

Which is an example of a solid tumor derived from epithelial tissue?
a. leiomyoma
b. rhabodomyoma
c. chondrosarcoma
d. adenocarcinoma of the lung
e. ewing sarcoma

d. adenocarinoma of the lung

Which is a description of a fungating tumor?
a. Open, exposed surface tumor
b. Containing dead tissue
c. Characterized by inflammation
d. Large, soft, flesh tumor
e. Mushrooming pattern of growth as tumor cells pile on top of each other

e. Mushrooming pattern of growth as tumor cells pile on top of each other

Which term includes sessile and pedunculated types of growth
a. polypoid
b. cystic
c. medullary
d. verrucous
e. necrotic

a. polypoid

What term describes localized tumor growth?
a. metastasis
b. carcinoma in situ
c. pleomorphic
d. anaplastic
e. sarcoma

b. carcinoma in situ

Which is a description of scirrhous-type tumors?
a. form small nipple-like projection
b. form microscopic glandular-type sacs
c. hard densely packed tumor cells
d. resemble squamous epithelial cells
e. contain a variety of tumor cells

c. hard densely packed tumor cells

What does staging tumor mean?
a. Assessing the degree of differentiation
b. analyzing the microscopic appearance of tumor cells
c. the tumor has spread
d. assessing the extent of tumor spread
e. treatment involves radiotherapy

d. assessing the extent of tumor spread

What does mutagenic means?
a. producing a change in the DNA of a cell
b. increased cell growth
c. new growth in number of cells
d. tumors are large and fleshy
e. cells are very differentiated

a. producing a change in the DNA of a cell

What does the notation TIN2MO mean?
a. Tumor is localized and no lymph nodes are involved
b. tumor cannot be assessed
c. Lymph nodes are not demonstrably
abnormal
d. tumor is present with palpable regional lymph nodes and no metastases
e. metastasis to distant lymph nodes is detectable

d. tumor is present with palpable regional lymph nodes and no metastases

What is the definition of a mutation?
a. Inheritable change in a cell
b. specialization of cells
c. plan for treatment of an illness
d. cell division
e. giving radiation in small doses

a. inheritable change in cells

Which is an example of genetic material that causes cancer?
a. vinyl chloride
b. hydrocarbons
c. diethystillbestrol
d. alkylating agents
e. oncogenes

e. oncogenes

Which is a descriptions of exenteration?
a. malignant tissues is frozen
b. cells are scraped from region
c. tumors are burned
d. wide resection of tumor and removal of surrounding tissue
e. material is taken from the vagina or cervix and analyzed microscopically

d. wide resection of tumor and removal of surrounding tissue

What is the meaning of fulguration?
a. destruction of tissue by electric sparks
b. treatment with drugs
c. treatment with radiation
d. tumor is removed by surgical excision
e. asipiration biopsy technique

a. destruction of tissue by electric sparks

Which is an example of a known type of inherited cancer?
a. bone cancer
b. lung cancer
c. retinoblastoma
d. basal cell carcinoma
e. adenocarcinoma of the cervix

c. retinoblastoma

What is a definition of modality?
a. Method of treatment
b. Damage to normal tissue
c. change in genetic material
d. description of the diagnosis
e. death of cells

a. method of treatment

Which is a definition of a radioresistant tumor?
a. tumor is completely eradicated by chemical therapy
b. tumor requires large doses of radiation to produce death of cells
c. Tumor in which irradiation causes death of cancer cells without damage to surrounding tissue
d. tumor is not significantly affected by drug treatment
e. tumor is resistant to surgical intervention

b. tumor requires large doses of radiation to produce death of cells

Which is a description of cauterization?
a. treating a tumor with freezing temperatures
b. treating tissue with heat
c. drying tissue electrically
d. surgical puncture to remove fluid
e. removing cells by scraping the walls of an organ

b. treating tissue with heat

Which is a description of pharmacokinetics?
a. Type of ionizing radiation
b. Study of the distribution and removal of drugs in the body
c. method of giving x-ray treatment
d. use of drugs to increase the sensitivity of tumors to x-rays
e. abnormal growth of cells

b. study of the distribution and removal of drugs in the body

What term means assisting or aiding?
a. lethal
b. fractionation
c. aspiration
d. adjuvant
e. grading

d. adjuvant

Which term is used in treatment of tumors with radiation?
a. steroid
b. antibiotic
c. antimetabolite
d. liner accelerator
e. plant alkaloid

d. liner accelerator

Which is a description of an estrogen receptor assay?
a. test for the presence of carcioembryonic antigen in the blood
b. tests for a portion of human chorionic gonadotropin in serum of patients
c. tests the presence of a protein antigen in serum of liver and testicular cancer patients
d. tests the concentration of hormone receptor sites in cells of breast cancer patients

d. tests the concentration of hormone receptor sites in cells of breast cancer patients

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