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3 Written questions

3 Multiple choice questions

  1. tendency for social perceivers to elicit behaviors from a person that are consistent with their initial expectancies of the person
    -Snyder & Swann (1978)
  2. -Skinner's concept
    -animals will engage in behavior they were emitting during feeding (i.e. if pigeon was standing on one foot when you put pellets in the cage, it may repeatedly stand on one foot in an effort to get another pellet dropped in the cage)
  3. -scientists should not only confirm or disconfirm their theories, they should seek out tests that could prove their theory wrong
    -Popper converted to school of thought called LOGICAL POSITIVISM (science/philosophy should be based on things that can be observed with absolute certainty & to test theories we should actively try to disprove them)

3 True/False questions

  1. Skinner's partial reinforcement effect-tendency for responses to be more resistant to extinction when they are reinforced inconsistently rather than uniformly

          

  2. McGuire's attitude innoculation-people who have practice defending themselves against weakened versions of persuasive arguments, when later exposed to full-blown attacks on their belief systems, are more resistant to persuasion
    -useful technique for preventing adolescents from taking up smoking

          

  3. Festinger's Theory of Cognitive Dissonance (1957)-tendency for responses to be more resistant to extinction when they are reinforced inconsistently rather than uniformly

          

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