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3 Written questions

3 Multiple choice questions

  1. -people make use of exactly the same attributional principles they use to understand OTHERS as to understand THEMSELVES
    -showed people who read that if "Bob Dowling" turned nobs for an hour for $1 and said he enjoyed, then he must have enjoyed it (used self-perception theory as alternate explanation for results of Festinger's cognitive dissonance experiment)
  2. popularizing idea of operationism, or operational definitions
  3. -people who have practice defending themselves against weakened versions of persuasive arguments, when later exposed to full-blown attacks on their belief systems, are more resistant to persuasion
    -useful technique for preventing adolescents from taking up smoking

3 True/False questions

  1. Karl Popper and falsifiability-scientists should not only confirm or disconfirm their theories, they should seek out tests that could prove their theory wrong
    -Popper converted to school of thought called LOGICAL POSITIVISM (science/philosophy should be based on things that can be observed with absolute certainty & to test theories we should actively try to disprove them)


  2. Skinner's partial reinforcement effect-tendency for responses to be more resistant to extinction when they are reinforced inconsistently rather than uniformly


  3. behavioral confirmation-Skinner's concept
    -animals will engage in behavior they were emitting during feeding (i.e. if pigeon was standing on one foot when you put pellets in the cage, it may repeatedly stand on one foot in an effort to get another pellet dropped in the cage)


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