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The main goal of behavior therapy is

develop procedures that actually give control to clients, aims to increase people's skills so that they have more options for responding. increase personal choice and create new conditions for learning

Which is true of the relationship between therapist and client in behavior therapy

the relationship can contribute to the process of behavior change - collaborative - it is the foundation on which therapeutic strategies are built - client makes progress because of specific behavioral techniques rather than because of relationship

Which of the following is true regarding behavior therapy

scientific view of human behavior, systematic and structured view of counseling, increase people skills so that they have more options for responding.

B. F. Skinner is associated with which of the following trends in the behavioral approach?

Positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment, negative punishment

Which of the following is true about how behavior therapists function in the therapeutic setting

systematic adherence to precision and to empirical evaluation - scientific method - current problems - the present - functional assessment

Which of the following clinical strategies is necessarily employed during assertion training?

challenge beliefs that accompany their lack of assertiveness and teach them to make constructive self-statements, adopt new set of beliefs that will result in assertive behavior ; behavioral rehearsal and continual assessment

Wolpe's systematic desensitization is based on the principles

classic conditioning

The situation in which behaviors are influenced by the consequences that follow them is:

Operant conditioning

____involves the removal of unpleasant stimuli from a situation once a certain behavior has occurred.

negative reinforcement

Cognitive-behavioral therapy

Most researched of any therapy - newer facets emphasize considerations that were off limits: mindfulness, acceptance, therapeutic relationship, spirituality, values, meditation, being present in the moment - along with social learning, now represents the mainstream of cognitive-based training

Behavior therapists tend to

be active and directive and to function as consultants and problems solvers. They pay close attention to the clues given by clients, and they are willing to follow their clinical hunches.

The founder of rational emotive behavior therapy is

Albert Ellis

Rational emotive behavior therapy belongs to which category of therapy

cognitive behavior therapy

The cognitive-behavioral approach to therapy stresses:

structured psycho educational model, emphasizes homework, responsibility on client, drawn on cognitive and behavioral strategies to bring about change. Clients minimize irrational beliefs (must dos) to change automatic thoughts. - thinking and acting rather than primarily with expressing feeling

REBT views emotional disturbances as the result of

the view which people take of the event - being fed by self-defeating sentences - irrational beliefs (must do's)

According to REBT, what is the core of most emotional disturbance?

blame

REBT contends that people:

do not need to be accepted and loved, even though this may be highly desirable. - contribute to their own psychological problems by the way they interpret events and situations

The main function of the rational emotive behavior therapist is to

assist clients in process of achieving unconditional self-acceptance (USA) and unconditional other acceptance (UOA)

The role of the client in rational emotive behavior therapy is like that of a

student ?

To a large degree, cognitive therapy is

structures psychoeducational model, emphasize the role of homework, place responsibility on the client to assume and active role both during and outside of therapy sessions. - based on the assumption that a reorganization of one's self-statements will result in a corresponding reorganization of one's behavior.

Reality therapy is best categorized as

cognitive behavioral therapy

Reality therapy is best described as

a cycle of counseling - 2 major components 1) creating counseling environment 2) implementing specific procedures that lead to changes in behavior

The function of the reality therapist is:

to help clients get connected or reconnected with people they have chosen to put in their quality world - fulfilling their needs

In reality therapy, the counseling environment is

mentoring process

Which of the following procedures would a reality therapist be likely to employ

Would employ: wdep system: wants, direction and doing, evaluation, planning and action

A reality therapist will primarily focus on:

helping clients get connected or reconnected with the people they have in their quality world

When reality therapists explore a client's past, they tend to focus on:

repeated good or bad relationship we can only satisfy needs in present - only enough time spent to assure client you are not rejecting them

The core of reality therapy consists of

help clients learn better ways to fulfill their needs

Feminist therapists, regardless of their philosophical orientation, believe all of the following

the constructs of feminist theory as being gender-fair, flexible-multicultural, interactionist, and life-span-oriented

All of the following are goals of feminist therapy

empowerment, valuing and affirming diversity, striving for change rather than adjustment, equality, balancing independence and interdependence, social change, self-nurturance

Which of the following themes would clients in feminist therapy be likely to explore?

the personal is political; commitment to social change; women's and girl's voices and ways of knowing are valued and their experiences are honored; the counseling relationship is egalitarian; a focus on strengths and a reformulated definition of psychological distress, all types of oppression are recognized

In therapy, the role of the feminist therapist is that of

nonhierarchical, person-to-person relationship, and they aim to empower clients to live according to their own values and to rely on an internal (rather than external or societal) locus of control in determining what is right for them.. Avoidance of assuming an all-knowing expert role, assuming instead role of a 'relational expert'

The preferred alternative to traditional diagnosis and assessment of feminist therapists is:

shared dialogue between client and therapist - co-construct and understanding of the problem with the client, rather than imposing a diagnosis on the client

All of the following are techniques used in solution-focused therapy

establishing a collaborative relationship, pre-therapy change, exception questions, the miracle question, scaling questions, formula first session talk, therapist feedback to clients (compliments, a bridge, suggesting a task), terminating

The therapeutic process in solution-focused brief therapy involves

find out what clients want rather than searching for what they do not want; 2 do not look for pathology, and do not attempt to reduce clients by giving them diagnostic labels; instead look for what clients are doing that is already working and encourage them to continue in that directions; 3. If what clients are doing is not working, encourage them to experiment with doing something different; 4 keep therapy brief by approaching each session as if it were the last and only session.

Narrative therapists attempt to

make efforts to enable clients to modify painful beliefs, values, and interpretations without imposing their value systems and interpretations. They want to create meaning and new possibilities from the stories clients share rather than out of a preconceived and ultimately imposed theory of importance and value

Regarding multicultural counseling, narrative therapy has been found to be particularly effective because

problems are identified with in social, cultural, political, and relational contexts rather that existing within and individual - concerned with considering specifications of gender, ethnicity, race, disability, sexual orientation, social class, and spirituality and religion as therapeutic issues.

Who was the first person of the modern era to do family therapy?

Alfred Adler

Which family therapist made use of innovative interventions such as metaphor, reframing, rules for interaction, parts party, family reconstructions, family sculpting, and family maps

Virginia Satir

Alfred Adler was the first to notice that the development of children within family constellations was heavily influenced by

birth order

. The concept of triangulation is most associated with

Bowen -a process in which triads result in a two-against-one experience

What is the technique in family therapy that casts a new light on a problem and provides a different interpretation for a problematic situation?

reframing - mentioned in the teleological lens

Which is(are) a key role (or roles) of most family therapists?

teacher, coach, model & consultant, director of change

Which of the following techniques is a strategic family therapist least likely to use

exploration or interpretation of the past

A tool for collecting and organizing key relationships in a three-generational extended family is a

genogram

The major focus of family therapy is

on here-and-now interactions in the family systems

According to psychoanalytic therapy, human beings are:

basically determined by psychic energy and by early experience

Which of the following approaches contends that the nature of the human condition includes self-awareness, freedom of choice, responsibility, and anxiety as basic elements

existential therapy

Which of the following approaches is based on the premise that there are multiple realities and multiple truths?

post modern approaches

A key concept of Gestalt therapy is

emphasis on "what" and "how" of experiencing in the here and now to help clients accept all aspects of themselves. Key Concepts include holism, figure-formation process, awareness, unfinished business and avoidance, contact and energy.

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