MS 42 Fractures + ***

29 terms by swspn

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bone remodeling

process in which immature bone cells are gradually replaced by mature bone cells

closed reduction (or) manipulation

nonsurgical realignment of the bones to their previous anatomic position using traction, angulation or rotation or a combination of these

comminuted (fracture)

fracture in which the bone is broken or crushed into small pieces

compartment syndrome

serious complication of a fracture caused by internal or external pressure on the affected area, resulting in decreased blood flow, pain, and tissue damage

complete (fracture)

fracture in which the break extends across the entire bone, dividing it into two separate pieces

delayed union

fracture healing that does not occur in the normally expected time

fat embolism

condition in which fat globules are released from the marrow of the broken bone into the bloodstream, migrate to the lungs and cause pulmonary hypertension

fixation

procedure done during the open reduction surgical procedure to attach the fragments of the broken bone together when reduction alone is not feasible

fracture

break or disruption in the continuity of a bone

greenstick (fracture)

fracture in which the bone is broken on one side but only bent on the other; most common in children

incomplete (fracture)

fracture in which the bone breaks only part way across, leaving some portion of the bone intact

malunion

unsatisfactory alignment of bone post fracture resulting in external deformity and dysfunction

nonunion

failure of a fracture to heal

open (or) compound (fracture)

fracture in which the fragments of the broken bone break through the skin

open reduction

surgical procedure in which an incision is made at the fracture site, usually on patients wih open or comminuted fractures, to cleanse the area of fragments and debris

reduction

process of bringing the ends of the broken bone into proper alignment

stress (fracture)

fracture caused by either sudden force or prolonged stress

hematoma formation

stage 1:

fibrocartilage formation

stage 2:

callus formation

stage 3:

ossification

stage 4:

consolidation and remodeling

stage 5:

petaling

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two-point gait

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three-point gait

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four-point gait

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swing-to gait

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swing-through gait

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Colles' fracture

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