Chapter 16

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Laryngitis

Laryngitis is potentially dangerous condition because it may cause (Obstruction of the airway)

visceral and parietal pleural membranes

The visceral and parietal pleural membranes are normally held together by (Surface tension)

spirometer

Which of the following are volumes that cannot be measured using a simple spirometer? (Residual volume)

Hyperventilation

Hyperventilation is most likely to be accompanied by a(an) (Decrease in blood carbon dioxide concentration and a rise in pH )

pectoralis minors

The pectoralis minors and the sternocleidomastoid are useful in aiding forced expiration. (FALSE)

forceful expiration

During forceful expiration, the air that can be expelled from the lungs in addition to the tidal volume is called (Expiratory reserve volume)

Which of the following muscles would be most helpful for forceful expiration? (Abdominal wall muscles)

Cancer that originates in the lungs

Cancer that originates in the lungs is most likely to develop from (Epithelial cells)

vocal cords

The vocal cords are located within the (Larynx)

pleural cavity

The condition in which air enters the pleural cavity is called (Pneumothorax)

Gas exchange

Gas exchange between the air in the alveoli and the blood in nearby capillaries occurs primarily by (Diffusion )

inflation reflex

The receptors of the inflation reflex are most sensitive to (Stretch)

Breathing rate

Breathing rate is most likely to increase if the blood concentration of (Carbon dioxide increases)

carbonic anhydrase

The enzyme carbonic anhydrase causes
(Carbon dioxide to react with water)

normal expiration

The force responsible for normal expiration is supplied by (Elastic recoil of tissues and surface tension)

respiratory distress

The condition of newborns called respiratory distress syndrome is caused by (Lack of surfactant )

respiratory membrane

The respiratory membrane consists of
(Two thicknesses of epithelial cells and basement membranes)

upper respiratory tract

The organs of the upper respiratory tract are located outside the thorax. (TRUE)

inspiration

The force that causes air to move into the lungs during inspiration is supplied by (Atmospheric pressure)

normal respatory cycle

The amount of air that enters or leaves the lungs during a normal respiratory cycle is the
(Tidal volume)

alveoli

The walls of the alveoli are composed of
(Simple squamous epithelium)

procedure

The procedure used to directly examine the trachea and bronchial tree is called
(Bronchoscopy)

Microorganisms

Microorganisms removed from incoming air by sticky mucus are most likely to be destroyed by (Digestive action of gastric juice)

Microorganisms trapped in the mucus of the nasal cavity are most likely to be transported to the (Stomach )

Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide is sometimes added to the air that a patient breathes in order to (Increase the rate and increase the depth of breathing)

Emphysema

Emphysema is characterized by an increase in (None of these)

glottis

The glottis is the opening between the vocal cords. (TRUE)

inflation reflex

The receptors of the inflation reflex are most sensitive to

Carbon monoxide

Carbon monoxide bonds to hemoglobin more effectively than does oxygen.
(TRUE)

pectoralis minors

The pectoralis minors and the sternocleidomastoid are useful in aiding forced expiration. (

anhydrase

The enzyme carbonic anhydrase causes

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