The difference between RN and LPN
-RN can complete complex assessments and care for unstable patients.
-LPN's cannot do a basic assessment.
when a nurse fails to act as a competent nurse would under the circumstances. In other words, the nurse fails to meet the standard of care.
The four categories of Healthcare Services
-rehab and long term care
-diagnosis and treatment
The Four Levels of Care
-Tertiary: surgical intervention (particular form of care)
-Subacute: physical therapy, rehab
made it illegal to refuse care to anyone presenting in the ER. Federal money supplemented to hospitals for uncompensated care
Major indicators that the health care system needs reform
-escalating cost of health care
-large percent of population uninsured
-37/191 for quality of care in the world
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)
provides support for advancement of the APRN role in providing primary care.
Nurse Managed Health Care Center
It contains advanced practice registered nurses, certified nurse midwife, and nurse practitioners. They serve the underserved population.
Three major reforms including the PPACA that affect the health care system
-prohibits insurance companies from denying coverage based on preexisting conditions
-mandate for all individuals to get health insurance
-increase in funding for programs and services that increase primary care workforce