Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
The result of this Supreme Court ruling upheld the constitutionality of Jim Crow laws and legalized racial segregation under the "separate, but equal" doctrine in southern states
W.E.B. Du Bois
Black leader who helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909; he believed that Blacks should have full and immediate citizenship in society
This leader of the Sioux on the Great Plains fought United States troops, fled to Canada, and eventually agreed to settle on a reservation
This group of immigrants came from Southern Europe and Eastern Europe and usually spoke little or no English.
Booker T. Washington
Black leader who helped lead the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama and believed that Blacks should seek economic independence and gradual political freedoms.
Jim Crow Laws
These types of laws were passed in southern states and resulted in inferior education, health care, and transportation systems for blacks.
President of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) from 1894 to 1924 whose goal was to use strikes to convince employers to give workers shorter days, better working conditions, and higher wages
Located in the port of New York, this immigration processing center was built in 1892 to verify that third-class immigrants could enter the United States.
Beginning in the 1880s, this was the belief system by white workers who encouraged Congress to pass laws banning Chinese immigration.
At this South Dakota site in 1890, United States soldiers fired on members of the Sioux killing 300 people and ending the Indian Wars on the Great Plains.