Colonies were profitable (India), investment was a cure for economic issues of the 1800's
Usage of canals allowed for faster and easier movement of goods
imperialism is a monopoly of capitalism; when possibilities in one country run out, one will turn to another
Overproduction led to market search. "Imperialism is the monopoly state of captitalism". Competition leads to monopoly.
Countries with superior institutions survive, those without perish. Rationalization for the success of the US.
extreme, chauvinistic patriotism, often favoring an aggressive, warlike foreign policy
white man's burden
idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized
the jewel in the crown; became a very profitable colony for britain
british east india company
Government charted joint-stock company that controlled spice trade in the East Indies after the Dutch
an 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India
triangular trade with china and britain
China didn't like foreigners, generally saw them as uncivilized, but weakness in the government allowed Britain to exploit China.
a conflict between Britain and China, lasting from 1839 to 1842, over Britain's opium trade in China.
treaty of nanking
1842 agreement ending the Opium War between China and England and giving the England control of Hong Kong and regional ports, as well as awarding the British citizens extraterritoriality rights.
sphere of influence
A foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities.
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops
Belgian king who ruthlessly exploited the natives on his African land for personal gain.
under the influence of Leo II, treated cruelly and unfairly.
berlin conference 1884
Every country who wanted a part of Africa attended, and the continent was divided so no one would get into a conflict over the land.
land in sudan that is in the middle of the african land that england wanted from the French; England got it
Lasting from 1899 to 1902, Dutch colonists and the British competed for control of territory in South Africa.