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A Short Course in Medical Terminology 2nd Ed.

fasci/o

fibrous membrane

fibr/o

fiber

hemi-

half

kine-

movement

kinesi/o

movement

ligament/o

ligament

muscul/o

muscle

my/o

muscle

para-

beside, beyond, near

-paresis

partial or incomplete paralysis

-plegia

paralysis

quadri-

four

sthen/o

strength

tend/o

tendon

tendin/o

tendon

ton/o

tone

smooth muscle

location: walls of hollow organs, vessels, respiratory passageways
characteristics: tapered at each end, single nucleus, non-striated
control: involuntary

cardiac muscle

location: wall of heart
characteristics: branching networks, single nucleus, lightly striated
control: involuntary

skeletal muscle

location: attached to bones
characteristics: long and cylindrical, multi-nucleated, heavily striated
control: voluntary

antagonist

something opposing or resisting the action of another

fascia

fibrous sheath of connective tissue that covers a muscle

ligament

a type of muscle tissue connecting bones, cartilage, or other tissue structures

myocardial muscle

heart muscle

prime mover

muscle that has the principal responsibility for a given movement

striated

adj. describing skeletal muscle

tone
tonicity

tension present in resting muscles

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
(Lou Gehrig Disease)

a progressive degenerative of the nerve tracts of the spinal cord, causing muscular atrophy

asthenia

weakness

atonia

flaccidity; lack of muscle tone; relaxation of muscle

atrophy

wasting of the muscles

epicondylitis

inflammation of the tissues around the elbow
(golfer or tennis elbow)

fibromyalgia

a chronic disorder characterized by widespread aching and stiffness of muscles and soft tissues and fatigue

hamstring injury

strain or tear of the hamstring muscle group

hemiparesis

slight paralysis of one side of the body

hemiplegia

total paralysis of one side of the body

kinesialgia

pain resulting from movement

muscular dystrophy

group of inherited muscle disorders that cause muscle weakness without affecting the nervous system

myasthenia gravis

an immunological disorder characterized by flucyuating weakness, esp. of the facial and external eye muscle

myocele

hernia of a muscle

myodynia

pain in a muscle

myoma

benign neoplasm of a muscle tissue

myoparesis

weakness of partial paralysis of a muscle

myositis

inflammation of the muscle

myospasm

involuntary contraction of a muscle

paraplegia

paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body

periostitis

inflammation of the periosteum or the covering that surrounds the bone

plantar fasciitis

inflammation of the plantar fascia causing heel pain

quadriplegia

paralysis of all four limbs

rotator cuff injury

inflammation caused by overuse

shin splint

term given to describe pain in the anterior portion of the lower leg during running, walking, and other similar activities

tenalgia

pain in a tendon

tendonitis

inflammation of a tendom

kinesiology

study of muscle motion

kinesiologist

a specialist in kinesiology

myology

study of muscles

orthopedic

pertaining to orthopedics or the study of the musculoskeletal system

electromyography

records the strength of muscle contractions by means of electrical stimulation

myectomy

excision of part of a muscle

skeletal muscle relaxants

medications used to reduce muscle spasms

tendopasty

surgical repair of a tendon

tenorrhaphy

suturing of a tendon

tenotomy

incision into a tendon

CTD

cumulative trauma disorder

DMD

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

DTR

deep tendon reflex

EMG

electromyography

IM

intramuscular

MG

myasthenia gravis

ROM

range of motion

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