Ancient Rome--Unit 5

23 terms by jjacobs40

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Patrician

the nobility of Ancient Rome

Plebeian

the common people of Ancient Rome

Civil Law

The written set of laws for Ancient Rome

Checks and Balances

a system to prevent one branch of government from becoming too powerful

Latin

The language of Ancient Rome

peninsula

land surrounded by water on three sides

Romulus

killed his brother and named the city they built after himself...Rome

Remus

Was killed by his brother Romulus

Cincinnatus

Roman Dictator who gave up his power once his job was done

Roman Senate

a council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised the city's leaders. Served for life

Consuls

the two most powerful officials in Rome

Tribunes

official who was elected by the plebeians to protect their interests. Had the power to veto

Punic Wars

A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage that were won by Rome

Arch

a curved structure used as a support over an open space, as in a doorway

New Testament

the second part of the bible; it tells you about the life and teachings of Jesus and about his followers

Hannibal

general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War.

tripartite

a government with three parts

republic

A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting

forum

Rome's public meeting place

veto

to prevent a law from passing

dictator

A ruler who has complete power

Christianity

the religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ

Jesus of Nazareth

his life and sermons form the basis for Chritianity

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