a repetition of initial, or beginning, sounds in two or more consecutive or neighboring words
Ex. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
a comparison based upon the resemblance in some particular ways between things that are otherwise unlike
Ex. Sock is to foot, as mitten is to hand.
cause and effect
the relationship in which one condition brings about another condition as a direct result
Ex. As a result of the storm, the power was out.
the main source of drama and tension in a literary work; the discord between two persons or forces that brings about dramatic action
the method used by the author to give readers information about a character; a description or representation of a person's qualities or peculiarities
the parets of a literary work that represents conversation.
Ex. "Please, hand me the rope!" Danny exhorted
a piece of information that can be proven
Ex. There are 50 states in the United States of America.
description of one thing in terms usually used for something else
Ex. similes, metaphors, alliteration, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, pun, idiom
fiction represented in a setting true to the history of the time in which the story takes place
Ex. Little House on the Prairie Series, The American Girls Series.
language that appeals to the senses; the use of figures of speech or vivid descriptions to produce mental images
Ex. The snowcapped mountains were like giants gobs marshmallow peaks rising above the horizon.
a figure of speech that compares 2 unlike things without the use of like or as
Ex. The road was a ribbon of moonlight.
true to life fiction; the people, places and happenings are similar to those in real life
the part of the plot form the climax to the ending where the main dramatic conflict is worked out
a figure of speech in which like or as are used to compare two unlike things
Ex. His face was as red as a cherry.
the use of words that mimic sounds. they appeal to our sense of hearing and they help bring descirption to life. a string of syllables the author has made up to represent the way a sound really sounds.
Ex. Caarackle! Boom! Zap! Zoink!
teh main idea of a literary work; the meassage the author wants to communicate, sometimes expressed as a generalization about life
an exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. it is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point
Ex. I have millions of firends calling my house every night!
a saying whose meaning can't be understood from the individual words in it.
Ex. He answered the question OFF THE TOP OF HIS HEAD.
a narrative with animals that have human characteristic intended to convey a moral
Ex. The Tortoise and the Hare
short narratives featuring mythical beigns such as fairies, elves, and spirits
Ex. Princess and the Pea, Cinderella
events in a story that are told by a single character from their point of view
Ex. The true story of the Three Little Pigs (told from the wolf's point of view)
a conclusion drawn from specific information that is used to make a broad statement about a topic or person
a category used to classify literary works, usually by form, technique or content
Ex. fantasy, mystery, realistic fiction, poetry, biography
non-fiction text, written primarily to convey factual information
Ex. textbooks, newspapers, reports, directions, brochures
teh author's message about the topic. it is often expressed directly in teh first or last sentence of a paragraph, or it can be implied
one of two or more words pronounced alike, but different in spelling or meaning
Ex. hair-hare, their-there-they're, witch-which
a judgment based on reasoning rather than on direct statement. A conclusion based on facts; understandings gained by "reading between the lines"
writing that is not fictional; designed primarily to explain, argue, or describe rather than entertain. For the most part, its the emphasis is factual.
present ideas and create an emotional experience in the reader through the use of meter, imagery, and rhythmic patterns. Relies on words and expressions that have several layers of meaning- strong appeal to the senses
a form of noun or pronoun that indicates "belonging to" for singular nouns, usually formed by the addition of an apostrophe and "s"
an affix put before a word to alter its meaning
Ex. dis (disbelief), un (unprepared), pre (preoccupied)
a recount of a story that has just been read in your own words including details of character, plot, setting, conflict, and resolution
identical or very similar recurring final sounds in words usually at teh end of lines of a poem
the part of a story where the plot becomes increasingly complicated. Events leading up to the climax, or turning point
a word to which prefixes and suffixes can be added to form different words
Ex. The root is help: helpful, unhelpful, helpless
groups of letters placed after a word to modify its meaning or change it into a different group
Ex. speechless (less), beautiful (ful), Kindness (ness
to capture all the most important parts of the original text (paragraph, story, poem) but express them in a much shorter space and in the readers own words
one of two or more words in a language that highly similar meanings
Ex. sorrow, grief, sadness
a point of view that presents the events of a story from outside of any single character's perception; usually no special insight into characters' minds or motivations