Unit 8 Ch 14 Test 3 The Older Adult Nclex Questions

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Nclex Style Questions

Which two factors contribute to the projected increase in the number of older adults?

The aging of the baby boom generation and the growth of the population segment over age 85

What is true about the theories of aging?

There is no single theory that explains aging.

The three common conditions affecting cognition in older adults are:

Delirium, depression, and dementia

Sexuality is recognized as a factor in the care of older adults, thus:

All older adults, whether healthy or frail, need to express sexual feelings

Older adults experience a change in sexual activity. Which best explains this change?

Frequency and opportunities for sexual activity may decline.

Visual acuity declines with age. Presbyopia is a progressive decline in:

The ability of the eyes to accommodate for close, detailed work

A common age-related change in auditory acuity is called:

Presbycusis

Taste buds atrophy and lose sensitivity, and appetite may decrease. The older adult is less able to discern:

Salty, sour, and bitter tastes

Kyphosis, a change in the musculoskeletal system, leads to:

Changes in the configuration of the spine that affect the lungs and thorax

When caring for the older adult, it is important to:

Treat the client as an individual with a unique history of his or her own

Which statement about older adults in the United States is correct?

The number of older adults is rising because of the increase in the average life span and the aging of the baby boom generation

When assessing the older adult, the nurse should know which findings represent common physiological changes associated with aging and which are abnormal findings. A normal and common physiological change is:

Increase in the time it takes for the heart rate to return to baseline after exercise

To meet the psychosocial needs of the older adult, the nurse may:

Use appropriate therapeutic touch

An older adult recently diagnosed with a urinary tract infection displays a sudden onset of confusion. She most likely is experiencing

Delirium

To help reduce confusion of the older adult at night, the nurse may

Make telephone calls to friends or family members to let the older adult hear reassuring voices.

Older adults are at increased risk for drug toxicity because they:

Have reduced kidney functioning

To enhance effectiveness in teaching the older adult, the nurse should:

Speak in clear, low-pitched tones

When assessing the older adult, the nurse should review the client's achievement of developmental tasks. For the older adult, these may include all of the following except:

Engaging in more introspective, self-focused activities

General health promotion and illness prevention measures the nurse may recommend to older adults include

Exercising regularly

Nurses have the responsibility to dispel myths and replace stereotypes of older adults with accurate information. The nurse knows that most older adults:

Have a reduced ability to respond to stress

The older adult is at risk for falls for various reasons. To help prevent falls the nurse may:

Instruct the older adult to use a night light in the bathroom

Which of the following is not a normal physiological change associated with aging?

Osteoporosis

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