5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- The Enlightenment
- a posteriori
- a (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired by reason without resort to experience
- b the Enlightenment, a philosophical movement of the 18th century, characterized by belief in the power of human reason and by innovations in political, religious, and educational doctrine.
- c (logic) a statement that is necessarily true for example he is brave or he is not brave.
- d knowledge gained after experience, through reasoning of known facts/ observations
- e (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Morality is based on rules and unchanging principles. This approach to ethics states that the motives of the actor determine the goodness or value of the act rather than the consequences.
- Observations, research, or experiments are necessary to determine if a statement is true
- dependent on; conditional
- a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn
- a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal
5 True/False Questions
Immanuel kant → German philosopher, created critical philosophy from the ideas of Hume and Leibniz, ideas don't conform to world, world can only be known as it conforms to mind's structure, said morality requires belief in God, freedom, and immortality, although these can't be proved, wrote "Critique of Pure Reason"
Proposition → (logic) a statement that affirms or denies something and is either true or false
Plato's Cave → Relations of Ideas and Matters of Fact. Relations of ideas are a priori propositions that cannot be doubted, for example mathematics and geometrical rules. Necessary truths. Matters of Fact are a posteriori propositions that are about the external world. These are contingent truths and are not always true.
Noam Chomsky → English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
Plato → something imagined or pictured in the mind