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atmospheric stuff

specific heat

the amount of energy required to change the temeperature of 1gram of a substance by 1Kelvin

Coriolis Effect

an apparent deflection of the wind arrising from the fact that it is moving eather north or south over the sphericaly shaped Earth

latent heat

the heat given off or absorbed as a substance changes phase

ITCZ

an area near the equator where the trade winds converge, rise, and form an area of low pressure. this rising air forms clouds and thunderstorms. stands for intertropical convergance zone

horse latitudes

areas along 30* North and South where winds are light and decending. Historically ti was an area where sailing vessles would become stranded due to light winds and horses were thrown overboard to save on water

polar easterlies

the prevailing winds between 60N and the north pole and 60S and the south pole

westerlies

the prevailing winds that exist between 30N and 60N and 30S and 60S

tradewinds

prevailing winds between 30N and 30S

sea breeze

a local wind that occurs durring the afternoon on coastal areas

land breeze

a local wind that occurs durring the nightime in coastal areas

freezing

when a liquid changes into a solid

melting

when a solid changes into a liquid

evaporation

when a liquid changes into a gas

condensation

when a gas changes into a liquid

sublimation

when a solid changes directly to a gas or when a gas changes directly into a solid

reletive humidity

the ratio of water vapor present in the air to the amout that could be present at saturation

sling psychrometer

an instrement designed to measure the reletive humidity of the air. it is made of two thermometers one of which has a damp cotton sleeve over the end. the instrement is whirled in the air. the readings from the two thermometers correspond the a given reletive humitity reading on a chart

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