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human nature

a human beings natural state

divine right

the idea that monarchs are god's representatives and they are answerable only to god

constitutional monarchy

a system of governing that the rulers power is limited by law

sovereignty

entity that has absolute political power

positive law

law we follow because its our own self interest

negative law

law that we follow to avoid punishment

absolutism

ruler who has unlimited power and seek to control society

habeaus corpus

document that requires a prisoner to be brought before a court or judge so that it can be decided whether their imprisonment is legal

liberalism

calls for freedom from government

cabinet

advisers of a country that help make government

Romanov

dynasty, peter was first important name to come of of dynasty

westernization

adoption of social, political, or economic institutions of western countries

edict of mantes

henry iv promised protestants peace in france and allowed to set up houses of worship in french cities

jean bodin

author who wrote the first description of absolute monarch

louis 14th

sun king of france; opitimy of absolute monarchy

theory of social contract

agreement when people created government; limited individual rights

j-b colbert

mercantilist that regulated economy and benefited the king

mercantilism

nations wanted to increase wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver by selling more goods

cromwell

leader of opposition against Charles I

charles 1

executed by parliaments; not allowing parliament to participate in political process

glorious revolution

overthrow of king james ii and his replacement William and Mary

restoration

the period of Charles i, after collapse of cromwell's government

english bill of rights

listed things a ruler cannot do, no suspending of parliament laws

st petersburg

drained swamp, 25,000 - 100,000 russians killed, became new capital of russia

skepticism

philosophy based on the idea that nothing can be known for certain.

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