challenged the practice of selling indulgences
Luther's Ninety-Five Theses
a religious order created to help defend Catholicism
The Society of Jesus (Jesuits) was
divided and re-divided among a number of smaller denominations
The Protestant faith
competition for the riches of the Spice trade
The European voyages of discovery primarily originated with
the decentralization of Germany for two centuries to come
The Thirty Years' War and the treaty that followed resulted in
Henry VIIIs battle with the pope over his divorce
The origins of the Protestant Reformation in England were due mainly to
unprecedented territorial expansion
For Europe, the late 15th and 16th centuries were a period of
the discovery of the Americas
Which of the following was not a cause of the Reformation?
a new and expanded wave of warfare among Protestants and Catholics
The St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre resulted in
beginning of three centuries of Spanish conquest and exploitation; the start of destruction of native civilizations in the Americas; rise of Spain to a major political role in Europe
Columbus' voyage of 1492 marked the
The Huguenots were
whatever lacked literal support in the Bible was not to be believed or practiced
Ulrich Zwingli's guideline for reform was that
came from more diverse backgrounds and were more devoted to religious reforms
The Northern Renaissance was different from the Italian Renaissance because most of its leading figures
Martin Luther insisted that the only way to salvation was as a result of
developed a defense of absolute royal authority which did not depend on ideas of divine right
Thomas Hobbes was the most original thinker political of the seventeenth century because he
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