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Chp 16

challenged the practice of selling indulgences

Luther's Ninety-Five Theses

a religious order created to help defend Catholicism

The Society of Jesus (Jesuits) was

divided and re-divided among a number of smaller denominations

The Protestant faith

competition for the riches of the Spice trade

The European voyages of discovery primarily originated with

the decentralization of Germany for two centuries to come

The Thirty Years' War and the treaty that followed resulted in

Henry VIIIs battle with the pope over his divorce

The origins of the Protestant Reformation in England were due mainly to

unprecedented territorial expansion

For Europe, the late 15th and 16th centuries were a period of

the discovery of the Americas

Which of the following was not a cause of the Reformation?

a new and expanded wave of warfare among Protestants and Catholics

The St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre resulted in

beginning of three centuries of Spanish conquest and exploitation; the start of destruction of native civilizations in the Americas; rise of Spain to a major political role in Europe

Columbus' voyage of 1492 marked the

French Protestants

The Huguenots were

whatever lacked literal support in the Bible was not to be believed or practiced

Ulrich Zwingli's guideline for reform was that

came from more diverse backgrounds and were more devoted to religious reforms

The Northern Renaissance was different from the Italian Renaissance because most of its leading figures

faith alone

Martin Luther insisted that the only way to salvation was as a result of

developed a defense of absolute royal authority which did not depend on ideas of divine right

Thomas Hobbes was the most original thinker political of the seventeenth century because he

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