Architecture of the Afterlife: Embalming & Tombs in Ancient Egypt

Created by ShannonM92 

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Exam 2 Part ii

Inundation

annual flood deposited layer of salt, renewing the fertility of the soil and ensuring that the country was prosperous and the population suffieciently fed

Mummy

"mumiyah" in arabic (body preserved by wax or bitumen)

Ka

Immortal soul

Per-nefer

the embalming shop

Hery Sheshta

Chief embalmer

Anubis

God of mummification

Natron

drying salt that gets put into the bodies

Canopic jars

jars that organs went into

Wedjat

Eye of Horus, healing and protection

Nile River

on the day of burial, the body is brought here on a barque; geometric influence, very straight, symbolic sense of direction

Shaft

long part of the column, usually resembles bundles of plant stems

Capitals

top of columns, usually look like a lotus bud, the papyrus flower, or the palm frond

Necropoli

Cities of the dead

Mastaba

bench-like structure over graves; first burial structures; located in necropolis, sun baked bricks about 30' high, flat roof and sloping walls, decorated with painted patterns in brilliant colors; three spaces, underground burial chamber (30' below ground, place for sarcophagus), above ground serdab (above ground, ka statue kept, place where family worshiped dead, typically coloful to deceive the gods into letting the ka enter the afterlife, false door) and chapel.

Imhotep's Step Pyramid of King Djoser

2950 - 2575 BCE, Saqqara

Amon-Ra

god of the sun

Pyramid of King Huni at Meidum

2637 BCE, Medium

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