Classical Greek Architecture

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Exam 2 Part IV

Architecton

"mater carpenter"

Petrification

the transformation from wood structures to stone

Trabeated

Design based on right angles (Post-and-lintel construction)

Entasis

the outward bulging in the middle of Greek columns (making the column not seem so straight and weak; optical illusion)

Naos

central interior space, where cult image located

Four basic sections of a Greek Temple

Stylobate, column, entablature & pediment

Stylobate

Three "steps"

Column

Base (except Doric), shaft and capital

Entablature

Ceiling of temple; architrave (the beam that rests on the capital), frieze (a sculpted band usually with carvins inside [metope are the images and triglyph are the three barred designs in b/w representing the cut wood]) adn cornince (a crowning trim)

Pediment

Sloping cornice (angled beam at the top), tympanum (triangluar part below with carvings and decoration) & antifixae/acroterion (carved features attached to the roof [antefixes are the 2D on roof edges and acroterion are the 3D on corners])

Doric

Shortest and widest, temple heavier in appearance, plain, cylindrical blocks called drums, baseless

Ionic

More elegant, capital's scroll-like volutes, thinner and taller, base

Corinthian

Tallest, most elegant, most majestic, foliated capitals (delineated by acanthus leaf carvings), bases

Pronaos

Open area or porch in the front of the temple

Amphiprostyle

a naos with a pronaos at either end

Peripteral

columns around structure

dipteral

second colonnade (double peristyle)

Arete

Excellence of any kind

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