5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- What is filial piety?
- What are the main tenets of Daoism?
- What are the roles and responsibilities of the ruler in Legalism?
- What are the roles and responsibilities of the ruler in Daoism?
- Five Relationships
- a The right path is whatever the ruler wanted it to be. Philosophy was designed to aid the ruler in consolidating his position and power. Creation of prosperous & military strong state. Aspects of life should be regulated to produce the maximum wealth and military might. (Merchants, intellectuals, and other unproductive groups should not be tolerated)
- b (1) Ruler to Ruled, (2) Father to Son, (3) Husband to Wife, (4) Elder Brother to Younger Brother, and (5) Friend to Friend
- c Philosophy of retreat and withdrawal. Life is to be simple, live as individuals and retreat from rulers. You are born w/ infinite potential. Uncarved box, empty vessel, unmolded clay.
- d Traditional customs such as reverence for ancestors. Encompassed reverent obedience of children toward parents and performance of ritual, such as mourning when they died, or making sacrifices after a death.
- e You do not tell people how to be Daoist, not teacher. Look at metaphors in order to see what you should be like.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- CONFUCIANISM influenced many aspects of Chinese life, filial piety, people in Korea, Japan, & Vietnam accepted Confucian belief. DAOISM served as a balance to the dominant concepts of Confucianism, self-expression, could be confuc bureaucratic in professional life and Doaist poet & nature lover in personal life. LEGALISM philosophy left a lasting mark on Chinese civilization: partially accounted for the highly centralized gov of later times, philosophical bases for great political transition when Qin dynasty unified the whole county.
- Daoists stressed the simple ways of nature and the virtue of yielding. Water does not resist, but rather yields to outside pressure (flows) Efforts to change or improve nature only destroys harmonies.
- Social harmony is when each individual knows their place in social order and plays that part well. Each individual simultaneously in several different relationships (jr -> parents; senior -> siblings, students, others; peer -> peer)
- Most venerated text of Daoism, named after author Daodejing. Consists of parables, metaphors, and poetic passages.
- Most related to government, authoritarian government, a hierarchic order, and strict application of rewards and punishments.
5 True/False Questions
What are the main tenets of Confucianism? → Behavior, does not clash with religion. Ethical System. Most of what we know is drawn from "The Analects". No creator, no afterlife. "here & now" -> could be considered agnostic. People play assigned roles in society, you behave and follow the values system.
Analects → literally the "road" or "Way", was a term used by Confucius to describe the social system he advocated. In Daoist sense...was a philosophical expression of nature's rhythms; the whole natural order rather than making human actions the center of concern.
Confucius → Consists of Confucius' answers to questions (what "the master said"); written by disciples of Confucius and their followers.
Daodejing → Author of Laozi; "the Way and its Virtue". Has given itself to diverse interpretations.
In what ways do Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism differ from each other? → Confucianism is full of rules, and Daosim is to retreat from rules. Legalism was all about social stability through gov & rewards and punishments.