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6th Grade, History, Chapter 10

golden age

When is a country at its peak?

1. China
2. Japan
3. India

The Orient refers to countries in the Far East, such as?

inventions, works of art, intriguing stories

What did the golden periods in the Orient produce?

Tang dynasty & Song dynasty

What are the two dynasties in the golden age?

Silk Road

What did the Han dynasty see the opening of?

writers

_______ during the Tang & Song dynasties produced some of China's finest literature.

life, nature, home, friendship, romance

What topics were many poems written about?

music

Many poems were put to _____?

the writing of history

What became important in history?

the history of the dynasty before them

What tradition did the Tang rulers begin, that each new dynasty would write _________?

philosophy, religion, politics, stories & fables

Besides history, other golden age literature included ____, ____, ____, ____, & ____.

block printing

The chinese developed as an easy way to make books called ___________?

1. carve a whole page of words into wood
2. rolled ink
3. put paper on top to print

Describe the process of block printing?

Diamond Sutra

What is the oldest known printed book?

movable-type-printing

What type of printing did they use during the Song dynasty, that the Chinese used?

1. first characters are carved onto wood blocks
2. the printer then arranged the characters to form a whole page
3. the blocks could be used to form a new page

Describe movable-type-printing:

Confucian Classics

What did the Chinese call the book that printed many of Confucius teachings?

gunpowder

What did the Chinese invent that was first used during the golden age?

religous and government

Gunpowder was first used in what celebrations?

parades

What is one way they celebrate the New Year?

magnetic compass

What was first used for religious purposes, discovered by the chinese?

snow gauges, system of roads, bridges, canals & maps

Name some other inventions created by the chinese?

acupuncture & herbs

Name some Chinese medicines?

porcelain

The Chinese also invented a thin, but strong, translucent pottery called________________

tribute

What is a payment sent to emperors to insure protection or show submission to an emperor?

porcelain

What is used to make pottery & Chinese artifacts made from this are now rare and extremely valuable?

Gupta

Who ruled india in the golden age?

Chandragupta

The Gupta dynasty began with what king?

Chandragupta the 2nd (II)

The Gupta kingdome reached its peak under the ruler of ____?

learning

The Gupta period was India's golden age of _____?

initiation

What ceremony did Hindu boys attend for a sacred cord ?

Sanskrit, alphabet & Indian language

What did Hindu boys learn?

Northern India

Where did king Chandragupta build an empire?

guru

Who did the boys go live with after the ceremony & they were their teachers, they taught the boys the ritual phrases to be repeated each day?

Vedas

What did the boys memorize that were the sacred Hindu texts?

rituals

What did the boys also learn which was performed for every activity including cooking, fighting or battle?

Arabic numerals

During the Gupta dynasty they used what numerals every day such as 1,2,3 etc...?

zero

The Indians were the 1st people to use this & it was invented by the Mayas?

-decimal system
-accurate value for pi
-place values
+ and - numbers
-how to find square/cubic roots
-elementary algebra

What math concepts did the Hindus develop?

-principle of gravity
-atoms make up matter
-discovered that the earth & all planets are spheres
-found the earth rotates
-correct value for earth's diameter

What science concepts did the Hindus develop?

-dissecting human corpses
-performed some surgeries
-applied first aid

What advances did the Hindus make in medicine?

fables & fairy tales

What types of literature was popular during the Gupta age?

fables

Many of today's traditional stories are based on early Indian ______?

poetry

What was complex & a favorite pastime of the people of the court?

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