The Russian emperor
the last czar of Russia who was forced to abdicate in 1917 by the Russian Revolution
Russian national legislature
Siberian peasant monk who was religious advisor in the court of Nicholas II
the intelligent and educated classes
founder of modern communism
to give up power
a temporary government
Council of workers and soldiers set up by Russian revolutionaries in 1917
Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
Russian revolutionary and Communist theorist who helped Lenin and built up the army
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
"peace, land, bread"
Lenin gained support by promising reforms: an end to WWI, land reform, and an end to food shortages
The Soviet Army during the Russian Civil War.
Russians who opposed Lenin and the Bolsheviks.
Russian civil war
a multi-party war that occurred within the former Russian Empire after the Russian provisional government collapsed to the Soviets, under the domination of the Bolshevik party.
An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.
wealthy peasant in the Soviet Union
large farms owned and operated by peasants as a group
five year plan
Stalin's economic policy to rebuild the Soviet economy after WWI. tried to improve heavy industry and improve farm output, but resulted in famine
a campaign of terror directed at eliminating anyone who threatened Stalin's power
Forced labor camps set up by Stalin for political dissidents.
country where a single party controls the government and every aspect of the lives of the people
artistic style whose goal was to promote socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive light