Respiratory System & Microbiology

60 terms by Medix-MA 

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EXTERNAL RESPIRATION

THE EXCHANGE OF GASES BETWEEN THE LUNGS AND THE OUTSIDE ENVIRONMENT.

INTERNAL RESPIRATION

THE EXCHANGE OF GASES BETWEEN THE CELLS OF THE BODY

TRACHEA

THE WINDPIPE

PHONATION

SOUND PRODUCTION

BRONCHI

THE TUBES THAT LEAD FROM THE TRACHEA INTO THE LUNGS

ALVEOLI

AIR SACS IN THE LUNGS

MEDIASTINUM

SPACE BETWEEN THE LUNGS WHERE THE HEART LIES

VISCERAL PLEURA

PLEURAL MEMBRANE THAT COVERS THE LUNGS

PARIETAL PLEURA

PLEURAL MEMBRANE THAT LINES THE THORACIC CAVITY

NASAL

PERTAINING TO THE NOSE

RHINOPLASTY

SURGICAL REPAIR OF THE NOSE

SINUSITIS

INFLAMMATION OF THE SINUSES

EPIGLOTTITIS

INFLAMMATION OF THE EPIGLOTTIS

LARYNGOSCOPY

PROCESS OF EXAMINING THE LARYNX

BRONCHIECTASIS

DILATION OF THE BRONCHI

BRONCHOSCOPE

INSTRUMENT USED TO VIEW THE TRACHEA AND BRONCHIAL TUBES

PULMONARY

PERTAINING TO THE LUNGS

PNEUMONITIS

INFLAMMATION OF THE LUNGS

PLEURITIS

INFLAMMATION OF THE PLEURAL MEMBRANE

PHRENOSPASM

SPASM OF THE DIAPHRAGM

SPIROMETER

INSTRUMENT USED TO MEASURE VITAL AIR CAPACITY OF THE LUNG

LOBECTOMY

SURGICAL REMOVAL OF A LOBE OF THE LUNG

PNEUMOCONIOSIS

ABNORMAL CONDITION OF DUST IN THE LUNGS

HYPOXEMIA

LACK OF OXYGEN IN THE BLOOD

ORTHOPNEA

DIFFICULTY BREATHING IN A HORIZONTAL POSITION

DYSPNEA

DIFFICULT BREATHING

ATELECTASIS

COLLAPSED LUNG

HYPERCAPNIA

EXCESSIVE CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE BODY

ANOSMIA

LACK OF SMELL

APNEA

LACK OF BREATHING

HEMOPTYSIS

SPITTING UP BLOOD

BRONCHOSPASM

SPASM OF THE BRONCHIAL TUBES

THORACODYNIA

PAIN IN THE CHEST

ASPHYXIA

INSUFFICIENT OXYGEN

COMPLIANCE

THE ABILITY OF THE LUNG TO STRETCH

CORYZA

HEAD COLD

EPISTAXIS

NOSEBLEED

PLEURISY

INFLAMMATION OF THE PLEURAL MEMBRANE

SPUTUM

ABNORMAL THICK FLUID FORMED BY THE LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT

BRONCHOGRAPHY

PROCESS OF EXAMINING THE BRONCHIAL TREE

PULMONARY FUNCTION STUDIES

SERIES OF TESTS DESIGNED TO EVALUATE THE VOLUME AND AIR FLOW RATE OF THE LUNGS

COLONY

VISIBLE GROWTH ON A CULTURE PLATE

MEDIA

NUTRIENT; FOOD; OR AGAR

INOCULATE

TO PLACE A SPECIMEN IN A CULTURE MEDIUM, AND ALLOW IT TO GROW SO IT CAN BE IDENTIFIED

NORMAL FLORA

NON-DISEASE PRODUCING MICROBES

MICROBIOLOGY

STUDY OF MICROORGANISMS

SENSITIVITY TESTING

A TEST PERFORMED ON COLONIES OF BACTERIA TO DETERMINE WHICH ANTIBIOTIC THE BACTERIA IS SENSITIVE TO

SUSCEPTIBLE HOST

HOST THAT IS SUSCEPTIBLE TO INVASION AND MULTIPLICATION OF MICROORGANISMS

"A" DISK

AN ANTIBACTERIAL DISK PLACED ON A THROAT CULTURE PLATE

SINUSES

HOLES IN THE BONES OF THE SKILL; LIGHTEN THE WEIGHT OF THE SKULL AND ADD TONE TO THE VOICE

FRONTAL SINUS

SINUS LOCATED IN THE FOREHEAD OF THE SKULL

ETHMOIDAL SINUS

SINUS LOCATED BEHIND THE EYES

SPHENOIDAL SINUS

SINUS LOCATED TO THE SIDE OF THE ETHMOIDAL SINUS

MAXILLARY SINUS

SINUS LOCATED IN THE UPPER JAW BONE OF THE SKULL

STREPTOCOCCI

MICROORGANISMS IN THE SHAPE OF ROUND CHAINS

STAPHYLOCOCCI

MICROORGANISMS IN THE SHAPE OF ROUND CLUSTERS

DIPLOCOCCI

TWO ROUND MICROORGANISMS

BACILLI

ROD SHAPED MICROORGANISMS THAT LIVE MAINLY IN THE GI SYSTEM

FUNGI

TREE SHAPED MICROORGANISMS THAT LIVE MAINLY ON THE SKIN

SPIRILLA

SPIRAL SHAPED MICROORGANISMS

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