Engineering III vocab Quarter 3

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Audience Analysis

The understanding of the consumer group for which the design is targeted. This would include the audiences, demographics, physical location, amount of time available to view the design, and interest in the subject matter.

Color

The property possessed by an object of producing different sensations on the eye as a result of the way it reflects or emits light.

Contrast

The state of being noticeably different from something else when put or considered together. 2. Enhancement of appearance provided by juxtaposing different colors or textures.

Demographics

The statistical data of a population, esp. those showing average age, income, education, etc.

Element

A basic constituent part.

Emphasis

Special importance, value, or prominence given to something.

Form

Having the three dimensions of length, width, and depth. Also referred to as a solid. 2. The organization, placement or relationship of basic elements, as volumes or voids in a sculpture, so as to produce a coherent image.

Gestalt

The principle that maintains that the human eye sees objects in their entirety before perceiving their individual parts.

Graphic Design

The art of combining text and pictures in advertisements, magazines, books, etc.

Harmony

The quality of forming a pleasing and consistent whole. 2. Agreement or concord.

Juxtapose

To place close together.

Line

A long thin mark on a surface. 2. A continuous extent of length, straight or curved, without breadth or thickness; the trace of a moving point. 3. Long, narrow mark or band.

Market Research

The activity of gathering information about consumers' needs and preferences.

Message Analysis

The process of deciding what information needs to go into the graphic design, as well as how to effectively use the design elements and principles to present the information. This analysis is based on a thorough analysis of the audience.

Pictograph

A pictorial symbol for a word or phrase.

Principle

The method of formation, operation, or procedure exhibited in a given instance.

Proportion

The relationship of one thing to another in size, amount, etc. 2. Size or weight relationships among structures or among elements in a single structure.

Radial Symmetry

Symmetry about a central axis.

Rhythm

A regularly recurring sequence of events or actions.

Scale

A straight-edged strip of rigid material marked at regular intervals and used to measure distances. 2. A proportion between two sets of dimensions used in developing accurate, larger or smaller prototypes, or models of design ideas.

Shape

The two-dimensional contour that characterizes an object or area, in contrast to three-dimensional form.

Space

The dimensions of height, depth, and width within which all things exist and move. 2. A free or unoccupied area or expanse.

Symbol

A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.

Symbolism

The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities. 2. The symbolic meaning attached to material objects.

Symmetry

The correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts on opposite sides of a median line or about a central axis. Also referred to as formal balance.

Texture

The feel, appearance, or consistency of a surface, substance, or fabric.

Typography

The style and appearance of printed matter.

Unity

The state of being united or forming a whole.

Value

The lightness or darkness of a color in relation to a scale ranging from white to black.

Variety

A thing which differs in some way from others of the same general class.

Black Box Model

A graphic system's illustration where the internal components or process is deemed unknown, or mysterious.

Compound Machine

A mechanism that consists of two or more simple machines.

Function

The kind of action or activity proper to a person, thing, or institution; the purpose for which something is designed or exists; role.

Hypothesis

An assumption made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation. 2. A proposed explanation for an observation. an educated guess which forms a basis for a test.

Input

Something put into a system, such as resources, in order to achieve a result.

Mechanism

An assembly of moving parts completing a complete functional motion.

Process

Human activities used to create, invent, design, transform, produce, control, maintain, and use products or systems; 2. A systematic sequence of actions that combines resources to produce an output.

System

A group of interacting, interrelated, or interdependent elements or parts that function together as a whole to accomplish a goal.

Adhesive Bonding

A plastic joining technique in which a third substance bonds a plastic to another plastic or material such as metal, rubber, ceramic, glass, or wood. 2. The process of fastening parts of metal products together permanently with non-metallic materials.

Analysis

A detailed examination of the elements or structure of something.

Fastener

A hardware device that mechanically joins or affixes two or more objects together.

Joinery

The process of connecting or joining two pieces of wood together through the use of various forms of wood joints. In fine woodworking, common forms include dovetail joints, mortise-and-tenon joints, biscuit joints, lap joints, spline joints, etc.

Manufacturing Process

The transformation of raw material into finished goods through one or more of the following: Casting and Molding, Shaping and Reshaping for forming, Shearing, Pulverizing, Machining, for material removal, or Joining by transforming using heat or chemical reaction to bond materials.

Mass

The amount of matter an object contains.

Mechanical Fastener

A hardware device, such as a bolt or screw, that is used to mechanically join or affix two or more plastic objects together.

Non-Renewable Resource

A resource or raw material that cannot be grown or replaced once used.

Part Interaction

A kind of action which occurs as two or more objects have an effect upon one another.

Renewable Resource

A resource or raw material that can be grown and replaced.

Reverse Engineering

The process of taking something apart and analyzing its workings in detail, usually with the intention to understand function, prepare documentation, electronic data, or construct a new or improved device or program, without actually copying from the original.

Snap-Fit

A molded-in piece in a plastic assembly that is designed to form a mechanical joint system where part-to-part attachment is accomplished with locating and locking features to connect components together.

Stress

The pressure or tension exerted on a material object.

Surface Area

The sum of all the areas of all the faces or surfaces that enclose a solid. 2. The sum of all the areas of all surfaces of a solid.

Teardown

The process of taking apart a product to better understand it.

Tension

A force that pulls on a material.

Torsion

The twisting of a material.

Appendix

A section of additional information at the end of a document.

Brainstorming

A group technique for solving problems, generating ideas, stimulating creative thinking, etc. by unrestrained spontaneous participation in discussion.

Criteria

Principles or standards by which something may be judged or decided.

Decision Matrix

A tool for systematically ranking alternatives according to a set of criteria.

Descriptive Abstract

A written summary that provides an overview of the purpose and contents of a report, but offers no major facts.

Executive Summary

A persuasive summary that provides an overview of the purpose and contents of a report, identifies the issue or need that led to the report, and includes condensed conclusions and recommendations.

Innovation

An improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something.

Invention

A new product, system, or process that has never existed before, created by study and experimentation.

Product

A tangible artifact produced by means of either human or mechanical work, or by biological or chemical process.

Technical Report

A document that conveys the results of scientific and technical research, and provides recommendations for action.

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