The understanding of the consumer group for which the design is targeted. This would include the audiences, demographics, physical location, amount of time available to view the design, and interest in the subject matter.
The property possessed by an object of producing different sensations on the eye as a result of the way it reflects or emits light.
The state of being noticeably different from something else when put or considered together. 2. Enhancement of appearance provided by juxtaposing different colors or textures.
The statistical data of a population, esp. those showing average age, income, education, etc.
Having the three dimensions of length, width, and depth. Also referred to as a solid. 2. The organization, placement or relationship of basic elements, as volumes or voids in a sculpture, so as to produce a coherent image.
The principle that maintains that the human eye sees objects in their entirety before perceiving their individual parts.
A long thin mark on a surface. 2. A continuous extent of length, straight or curved, without breadth or thickness; the trace of a moving point. 3. Long, narrow mark or band.
The process of deciding what information needs to go into the graphic design, as well as how to effectively use the design elements and principles to present the information. This analysis is based on a thorough analysis of the audience.
The relationship of one thing to another in size, amount, etc. 2. Size or weight relationships among structures or among elements in a single structure.
A straight-edged strip of rigid material marked at regular intervals and used to measure distances. 2. A proportion between two sets of dimensions used in developing accurate, larger or smaller prototypes, or models of design ideas.
The two-dimensional contour that characterizes an object or area, in contrast to three-dimensional form.
The dimensions of height, depth, and width within which all things exist and move. 2. A free or unoccupied area or expanse.
A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.
The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities. 2. The symbolic meaning attached to material objects.
The correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts on opposite sides of a median line or about a central axis. Also referred to as formal balance.
Black Box Model
A graphic system's illustration where the internal components or process is deemed unknown, or mysterious.
The kind of action or activity proper to a person, thing, or institution; the purpose for which something is designed or exists; role.
An assumption made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation. 2. A proposed explanation for an observation. an educated guess which forms a basis for a test.
Human activities used to create, invent, design, transform, produce, control, maintain, and use products or systems; 2. A systematic sequence of actions that combines resources to produce an output.
A group of interacting, interrelated, or interdependent elements or parts that function together as a whole to accomplish a goal.
A plastic joining technique in which a third substance bonds a plastic to another plastic or material such as metal, rubber, ceramic, glass, or wood. 2. The process of fastening parts of metal products together permanently with non-metallic materials.
The process of connecting or joining two pieces of wood together through the use of various forms of wood joints. In fine woodworking, common forms include dovetail joints, mortise-and-tenon joints, biscuit joints, lap joints, spline joints, etc.
The transformation of raw material into finished goods through one or more of the following: Casting and Molding, Shaping and Reshaping for forming, Shearing, Pulverizing, Machining, for material removal, or Joining by transforming using heat or chemical reaction to bond materials.
A hardware device, such as a bolt or screw, that is used to mechanically join or affix two or more plastic objects together.
A kind of action which occurs as two or more objects have an effect upon one another.
The process of taking something apart and analyzing its workings in detail, usually with the intention to understand function, prepare documentation, electronic data, or construct a new or improved device or program, without actually copying from the original.
A molded-in piece in a plastic assembly that is designed to form a mechanical joint system where part-to-part attachment is accomplished with locating and locking features to connect components together.
The sum of all the areas of all the faces or surfaces that enclose a solid. 2. The sum of all the areas of all surfaces of a solid.
A group technique for solving problems, generating ideas, stimulating creative thinking, etc. by unrestrained spontaneous participation in discussion.
A written summary that provides an overview of the purpose and contents of a report, but offers no major facts.
A persuasive summary that provides an overview of the purpose and contents of a report, identifies the issue or need that led to the report, and includes condensed conclusions and recommendations.
An improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something.
A new product, system, or process that has never existed before, created by study and experimentation.
A tangible artifact produced by means of either human or mechanical work, or by biological or chemical process.