What effect did the Europeans bringing guns to Africa have on the people in it?
It changed the way they fought in war
Of what descent was the first indentured servant
On Plantations, which crop caused a sudden increase in the number of slaves in America?
What was the Trans-Atlantic slave trade?
People from England would capture natives from Africa and bring them to America to trade or sell for other goods.
What was sectionalism?
The split between the North and the South due to slavery and other civil reasons
What compromise called for the 36/30 line?
The Missouri Compromise
What change did the Missouri Compromise bring to the U.S. map?
It made an equal ratio of free states to slave states.
What started Bleeding Kansas?
Senator Charles Sumner being beaten senselessly on the senate floor with a cane.
Who introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
Stephen A. Douglas
What principle did people follow that caused them to want to move westward?
What caused people to want to go to California?
The California Gold Rush
When was the Kansas-Nebraska Act declared?
What political party did the Kansas-Nebraska Act help lead to existence?
The Republican Party
What was The Tallmadge Amendment?
It would prohibit slaves into Missouri and provide for the gradual emancipation of those already there
In the Missouri Compromise, what become states? As what?
Maine came in as a free state while Missouri came in as a slave state
What was the 36°/30° amendment to the Missouri compromise?
prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Purchase Territory north of the southern boundary of Missouri (36 degrees 30'paralell)
What did the Compromise of 1850 do?
New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, and Utah were gained land
Slave trade in DC was abolished but slavery would be allowed
California was admitted as a free state
What was the Middle Passage?
the transport of slaves across the Atlantic Ocean
What were the conditions like in the Middle Passage?
cramped, diseased, abusive, hot, unsanitary
women were sexually assaulted
What colony was the last to legalize slavery?
What crop caused European settlers to import more slaves to clear the swampy land?
How did the invention of the cotton gin effect slavery?
It increased slavery in the U.S. because people were needed to work the machines
How did the domestic slave trade effect African-Americans?
It made them get sold to owners in various parts of the country, separating them from their families
Why did planters avoid using Native Americans as a labor source?
They were susceptible to diseases.
What were freedom dues?
Payments that indentured servants got at the end of their years of labor
How did slavery become life-long?
In 1640 John Punch was punished this way
What even led settlers in Jamestown to start using Africans as a labor source?
The Dutch ship arriving with Africans in Jamestown
Who were the two women that were supposed to civilize Huck?
Miss Watson and Widow Douglas
What greatly influences Tom Sawyer?
What did the Kansas-Nebraska Act do?
It made it so the decision of whether or not Kansas and Nebraska were free states was up to popular sovereignty.
What farm did Jim get sold to?