In 1892, Dvorák went to ___, where he spent almost three years as director of the National Conservatory of Music.
Dvorák "found a secure basis for a new national [American] musical school" in the
The popular character of Dvorák's New World Symphony can be traced to the composer's use of ___ often found in folk music.
syncopation, pentatonic scale, & modal scales.
The course of Brahms's artistic and personal life was shaped by the influence of the composers
Robert & Clara Schumann.
Brahms's works, though very personal in style, are rooted in the music of
Haydn, Mozart, & Beethoven.
Verdi's later operas differ from his earlier ones in that they have
less difference between aria and recitative, greater musical continuity, & more imaginative orchestrations.
Verdi studied music in ___, the city where Italy's most important opera house, La Scala, is located.
Critics were often scandalized by the subject matter of Verdi's operas because they
seemed to condone rape, suicide, & free love.
Puccini's operas have lasting appeal because
he had a marvelous sense of theater, his melodies have short, memorable phrases & are intensely emotional, & he minimized the difference between aria and recitative, thus creating a continuous flow of music.
In La Bohème, who sings the aria "Che gelida manina" ("How cold your little hand is!")?
Puccini used melodic and rhythmic elements derived from Asian music in his operas
Madame Butterfly and Turandot.
An artistic trend of the 1890s, in which operas dealt with ordinary people and true-to-life situations, was known as
Mimi and Rodolfo meet for the first time in La Bohème because she has come to his door to ask for a
light for her candle.
Wagner called his works music dramas rather than operas because
there is a continuous musical flow instead of traditional arias, recitatives, & ensembles; there are no breaks where applause can interrupt, & vocal line is inspired by the rhythms & pitch of the German text.
A short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, used by Wagner in his operas, is called