Reading Humor Voc

16 terms by mbord 

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irony

is the contrast between what is expected or what appears to be and what actually is.

verbal irony

The contrast between what is said and what is actually meant.

situational irony

- This refers to a happening that is the opposite of what is expected or intended.

dramatic irony

- This occurs when the audience or reader knows more than the characters know.

sarcasm

-is one kind of irony;
-it is praise which is really an insult;
-sarcasm generally involves malice, the desire to put someone down, e.g., "This is my brilliant son, who failed out of college.

satire

-is making fun of something
-is the exposure of the vices or follies of an individual, a group, an institution, -an idea, a society, etc., usually with a view to correcting it. Satirists frequently use irony.

stereotype

a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.

symbolism

Use of a simple object to stand for a larger concept or idea.
Examples:
• peace - dove, olive branch, victory sign.
• United States - Uncle Sam, flag, stars and stripes, shield.
• Democrats - donkey.
• Republicans - elephant.
• money - dollar bill or dollar sign.

allusion

a reference to a famous or important person, place, thing, or work of literature

analogy

Comparison between two unlike things that share a common characteristic

hyperbole

is an obvious and unrealistic exaggeration:
- "He was frightened out of his wits."

exaggeration in cartoons

Overdo the physical characteristics of people or things in order to make a point.
Sometimes cartoonists overdo, or exaggerate, the physical characteristics of people or things in order to make a point.

caricature

exaggerating a physical feature or habit: big nose, bushy eyebrows, large ears, baldness.

understaement

is the opposite of hyperbole: "It isn't very serious. I have this tiny little tumor on the brain." —J.D. Salinger, The Catcher in the Rye
the representation of something as less than it really is, for ironic effect.
Example: The government needs to address the small problem of poverty.

labeling/captions

Identify an object or person to make it clear exactly what it stands for
• Cartoonists often label objects or people to make it clear exactly what they stand for.
• Watch out for the different labels that appear in a cartoon, and ask yourself why the cartoonist chose to label that particular person or object.
• Does the label make the meaning of the object more clear?

puns

A pun is a variety of a usually humorous play on words involving
-the multiple meanings of an expression, or
-two expressions that sound similar.

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