Charlemagne Impact & Fall
Quickly seized control of the entire kingdom.
Secretary was a monk.
Built an empire greater than any known since ancient Rome.
Him and Charles Martels' son were both crowned by the pope.
Converts to Christianity.
creates an alliance with the pope.
Powerful Partnership Church now supports his military campaigns against other Germanic peoples enabling him to unify the Frankish kingdom of Gaul.
Pepin The Short
Charles Martels' son.
Died in 768.
Left a greatly strengthened Frankish kingdom to his two sons, Charles, and Carloman.
King by grace of God.
Small kingdoms replace Roman Provinces.
Borders of these small kingdoms constantly in flux from warfare.
Had sufficient unity to survive into the Middle Ages.
A political in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land.
A government in which power is concentrated in a central authority to which local governments are subject.
No $$$ exchanged.
Obligations based on customs to what had been done in the past.
Everything required to sustain life.
Produced and consumed right on manor with possible exceptions of salt and iron.
In return for use of land, serfs had certain specific obligations of nobles who owned manor.
Ex: Serfs had to work one or two days a week for the lord.