Medical Terminology

339 terms by red0071 Plus

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

word root

the foundation of a medical term and contains its primary meaning (ex. dermatos and cutane both are roots meaning skin)

combining form

when a root word is combined with a vowel (gastr/o) = means stomach

suffix

word element placed at the end of a word that changes the meaning of the word (tonsill/itis and tonsil/ectomy)

skin

dermatos (Gr); Word root=dermat
curtis (L); Word root=cutane

dermat/itis

inflammation of the skin

cutane/ous

pertaining to the skin

kindney

nephros (Gr); Word root=nephr
rênes (L); Word root=ren

nephr/oma

tumor of the kidney

ren/al

pertains to the kidney

Mouth

stomatos (Gr); Word root=stomat
oris (L)=or

stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth

oral

pertaining to the mouth

erythr/o (word root+vowel = combining form)

red

gastr/o

stomach

hepat/o

liver

immun/o

immune, immunity, safe

nephr/o

kidney

oste/o

bone

-itis

inflammation (suffix)

-megaly

enlargement (suffix)

-oma

tumor (suffix)

gastritis

inflammation of the stomach

gastromegaly

enlargement of the stomach

gastroma

tumor of the stomach

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

hepatomegaly

enlargement of the liver

hepatoma

tumor of the liver

prefix

word element attached to the beginning of a word or word root that changes the meaning of the word. Usually indicates a number, time, position, direction or negation.

an

without, not (prefix)

hyper-

excessive, above normal (prefix)

intra-

in, within (prefix)

para-

near, beside, beyond (prefix)

poly-

many, much (prefix)

esthes

feeling (word root)

therm

heat (word root)

muscul

muscle (word root)

nas

nose (word root)

ur

urine (word root)

-ia

condition (suffix)

-ar

pertaining to (suffix)

anesthesia

condition of not feeling

hyperthermia

condition of excessive heat

intramuscular

pertaining to within the muscle

paranasal

pertaining to (area) near the nose

polyuria

condition of much urine

gastroenteritis

Gastro = stomach
enter=intestine
itis=inflammation
inflammation of the stomach and intestine

hepat/itis (word root/suffix)

inflammation of the liver

hepat/o-cyte (combining form/suffix)

liver cell

oste/o+chonder+itis=osteochondritis

inflammation of bone and cartilage
(combining form+word root+suffix)

The four elements used to form words are:

root, combining form, suffix and prefix

A root is the main part or foundation of a word. In the words arthritis, arthroma and arthoscope, the root is

arthr

A combining vowel is usually an

O

A word root links a suffix that begins with a

vowel

A combining form links multiple roots to

each other

A combining form links a suffix that begins with a

consonant

To define a medical term:

1. Define the suffix or the end of the word
2. The first part of the word
3. Define the middle part of the word.

In the term intramuscular, what is the prefix?

intra

underline the word root: splen/o

splen/o =part before the O

What is the word root: hepatoma

hepa

What is the word root: muscular

muscu

What is the word root: gastria

gastr

What is the word root:osteoma

oste

These are combining forms:

hepat/o; oste/o/arthr; cholangi/o

Word root: nephritis

nephr

Word root: arthrodesis

arthrodesis

Word root: dermatitis

dermat

Word root: gastrectomy

gastr

Word root: chrondritis

chrond

Suffix: thoracotomy

-tomy

Suffix: gastroscope

-scope

Suffix: tonsillitis

-itis

Suffix: gastroma

-oma

Suffix: tonsillectomy

-ectomy

Prefix: anesthesia

-an

Prefix: hyperthermia

-hyper

Prefix: intramuscular

-intra

Prefix: paranasal

-para

Prefix: polyuria

-poly

gastritis

inflammation of the stomach

nephritis

inflammation of the kidney(s)

gastrectomy

excision of the stomach

osteoma

tumor of bone

hepatoma

tumor of the liver

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

arthr/itis

Word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel

scler/osis

Word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel

arthr/o/centesis

Combining Form links a suffix that begins with a consonant

colon/o/scope

Combining Form links a suffix that begins with a consonant

chronr/itis

Word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel

chrondr/oma

Word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel

oste/o/chondr/itis

Combining Form links multiple roots to each other. This rule holds true even if the next word root begins with a vowel. Word root links a suffix that beings with a vowel.

muscul/ar

Word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel

oste/o/arthr/itis

Combining Form links multiple roots to each other. This rule holds true even if the next word root begins with a vowel. Word root links a suffix that beings with a vowel.

gastr (word root)

stomach

-itis (suffix)

inflammation

gastritis

inflammation of the stomach

arthr (word root)

joint

arthritis

inflammation of a joint

hemat (word root)

blood

-emsis (suffix)

vomiting

hematemsis

vomiting of blood

gastr/o + -dynia (stomach) (pain)

gastrodynia - pain in the stomach

hemat/o + -logy (blood) (study of)

hematology - study of blood

arthro/o + -centesis (joint) (surgical procedure)

arthrocentesis - surgical procedure of a joint

gastr/o + -enter + -itis (stomach cf) (intestine wr) (inflammation s)

gastroenteritis -inflammation of stomach and intestine

osteo/o + arthr + -itis (bone cf) (joint wr) (inflammation s)

inflammation of bone and joint)

encephal/o + mening + itis (brain cf) (meninges wr) (inflammation s)

encephalomeningitis - inflammation of brain and meninges

Meninges

The three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord

-centesis (s)

surgical procedure
(arthrocentesis - puncture of a joint space with a needed and the withdrawal of a needle)

-clasis (s)

to break, surgical fracture
(osteoclasis-surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity)

-desis (s)

binding, fixation of a bone or joint
(arthrodesis - surgical procedure to fuse bones across the joint in an unstable joint)

-ectomy (s)

excision, removal
(appendectomy - excision of the appendix)

-lysis (s)

separation, destruction, loosening
(thrombolysis - destruction of a blood clot, usually thru drug therapy)

-pexy (s)

fixation (of an organ)
(mastopexy-surgery to affix sagging breasts to more elevated position)

-plasty (s)

surgical repair
(rhinoplasty-surgical repair of nose)

-rrhaphy (s)

suture
(myorrhapy -suture of a muscle)

-stomy (s)

forming an opening
(tracheostomy - forming an opening into the trachea to bypass an obstructed airway)

-tome (s)

instrument to cut
(osteotome - instrument to cut bone)

-tomy (s)

incision
(tracheotomy - incision through the neck into the trachea)

-tripsy (s)

crushing
(lithotripsy-surgical procedure for eliminating a stone in the kidney, urether, bladder or gallbladder)

-gram (s)

recording, writing
(electrocardiogram-record of the electrical activity of the heart)

-graph (s)

instrument for recording
(cardiograph - instrument for recording electrical activity of the heart)

-graphy (s)

process of recording
(angiography - process of recording blood vessels)

-meter

instrument for measuring
(pelvimeter-instrument for measuring the pelvis)

-metry

act of measuring
(pelvimetry-act of process of measuring the dimension of the pelvis)

-scope (s)

instrument for examining
(endoscope - instrument for examining within)

-scopy (s)

visual examination
(endoscopy - visual examination within, using specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope)

-alga (s)

pain
(neuralgia - pain of a nerve)

-dynia (s)

otodynia -pain in the ear

-cele

hernia, swelling

hepatocele

hernia of the liver

-ectasis

dilation, expansion
(bronchiectasis- dilation of expansion of one or more bronchi)

-endema

swelling

lymphedema

swelling and accumulation of tissue fluid (lymph)

-emesis

vomiting

hyperemesis

excessive vomiting

hyper-

excessive, above normal

-gen

forming, producing origin

carcinogen

forming, producing cancer

carcinogenesis

forming or producing cancer

-iasis

abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
cholelithiasis - abnormal condition of gallstones in the gallbladder

-lith

stone, calculus
(cholelith - gallstone)

-malacia

softening
(chrondromalacia - softening of the articular cartilage, usually involving the patella)

-megaly

enlargement
(cardiomegaly - enlargement of the heart)

-oma

tumor
(neuroma - tumor composed of nerve tissue)

-osis

abnormal condition; increase - used primarily with blood cells
(cyanosis - dark blue or purple discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane)

-pathy

disease
(myopathy - disease of muscle)

-penia

decrease, deficiency
(erythropenia - decrease in red blood cells)

-phagia

eating, swallowing
(dysphagia - inability or difficulty in swallowing)

See More

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set