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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. crossing over
  2. meiosis
  3. Mendel's principles
  4. meiosis anaphase 1
  5. Gregor Mendel
  1. a interphase 1, Meiosis 1, Meiosis 2
  2. b father of genetics
  3. c process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of their chromatids during meiosis
  4. d each organism must inherit a single copy of every gene from each of its "parents", when an organism produces its gametes, those two sets of genes must be separated from each other so that each gamete contains just one set of genes
  5. e fibers pull the homologous chromosomes toward opposite ends of the cell

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. results in 2 haploid daughter cells with half the number of chromosomes as the original cell, the daughter cells have a set of chromosomes and alleles that are different from each other an from the original diploid cell
  2. results in one large egg cell and three cells called polar bodies that are not involved in reproduction
  3. after DNA replication, the chromosome consists of two identical "sister" chromosomes
  4. two tiny structures located in the cell cytoplasm near the nuclear envelope
  5. nuclear membranes form, the cell separates into 2 cells

5 True/False questions

  1. male meiosisresults in 4 equal sized cells that become gametes called sperm


  2. mitosis prophasefirst and longest phase of mitosis, chromatin condenses into chromosomes and becomes visable, centrioles separate and move to opposite sides of the nucleus, spindle begins to form, nucluer envelope bracks down


  3. cell cyclea series of events that a cell goes through as it grows and divides


  4. mitosis metaphasethird phase of mitosis where sister chromatids separate into individual chromosomes and are moved apart into two groups near the poles of the spindle, phase ends when chromosomes stop moving


  5. cytokinesis in eukaryotic cellsa cell plate forms midway between the divided nuclei, the cell plate develops into a separating membrane, a cell wall begins to appear in teh cell plate


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