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Disillusioned by war and peace, Americans in the 1920s what ideas reflect American views in domestic and foreign affairs

denounce "radical" foreign ideas, condemn "un-American" life styles, shun diplomatic commitments to foreign countries, and restrict immigration

Businesspeople used the red scare to

break the backs of fledgling unions

The most tenacious pursuer of radical elements during the red scare of the early 1920s was

Mitchell Palmer

The KKK of the 1920s was a reaction against

the forces of diversity and modernity that were transforming American culture

Immigration restrictions of the 1920s were introduced as a result of

the nativist belief that Northern Europeans were superior to southern and eastern Europeans

The Immigration Act of 1924 discriminated directly against

Southern and Eastern Europeans

Enforcement of the Volstead Act met the strongest resistance from

eastern city dwellers

The most spectacular example of lawlessness and gangsterism in the 1920s was in

Chicago

According to John Dewey, a teacher's primary goal is to

Educate a student for life

Basic facts of the Scopes Trial were?

centered on the issues of teaching evolution in public school

Henry Ford's most distinctive contribution to the automobile industry was

relatively cheap automobiles

Frederick W. Taylor, a prominent inventor and engineer, was best known for his

promotion of industrial efficiency and scientific management

The automobile revolution resulted in all of the following

the consolidation of school, the spread of suburbs, a loss of population in less attractive states, and altered youthful successful behavior

Charles Lindbergh's solo flight across the Atlantic made him an American hero especially because

his wholesome youthfulness contrasted with eh cynicism and debunking of the Jazz age

the first talkie motion picture was

The Jazz Singer

How did automobiles, radios, and motion pictures affect American life?

Contributed to the standardization of Am. Life

The 1920 census revealed that, for the first time,

Most Americans lived in the cities

Margaret Sanger was most noted for her advocacy of

Birth Control

Job opportunities for women in the 1920s

Tended to cluster in a few low paying fields

All of the following are true of Marcus Garvey, founder of the United Negro Improvement Association,

promoting the resettlement of American blacks in Africa, cultivating feelings of self-confidence and self-reliance among blacks, being sent to prison after a conviction for fraud, and promoting black-owned businesses

Buying stock on margin meant purchasing

It with a small down payment

As secretary of the treasury, Andrew Mellon placed the heaviest tax burden on

The middle-income groups

Which one of the following members of President Harding's cabinet proved to be incompetent and corrupt?

Albert Fall

During the 1920s, the Supreme Court

Often ruled against progressive legislation

One exception to President Warren G. Harding's policy of isolationism involved the Middle East, where the United States sought to

secure oil-drilling concessions for American companies

The 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact

outlawed war as a solution to international rivalry

The Fordney-McCumber and Hawley-Smoot Tariff laws had the long-term effect of

raising the tariff rates, had been substantially raised from the opening of the decade

The Teapot Dome scandal was centered around corrupt deals and bribes involving

mishandling of naval oil reserves

During Coolidge's presidency, government policy was set largely by the interests and values of

The business community

One of the major problems facing farmers int he 1920s was

Overproductions

In the early 1920s, one glaring exception to America's general indifference to the outside world was its

armed intervention in the Caribbean and Central American

America's European allies believed they should not have to repay loans the U.S. made to them during WWI because

They had paid a much heavier price in lost lives, so it was only fair for the US to write off the debt

America's major foreign policy problem in the 1920s was addressed by the Dawes Plan, which

provided a solution to the tangle of war-debt and war-reparation payments

Describe Al Smith's appeal AND weaknesses

Catholic religion, support for the repeal of prohibition, the big-city background, and radio speaking skill were political liabilities for Alfred E. Smith

When elected to the presidency in 1928, Herbert Hoover

combined small-town values with wide experience in modern corporate America

As a result of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930

the world wide depression deepened

President Herbert Hoover believed that the Great Depression could be ended by doing all of the following

directing assisting businesses and banks, keeping faith in the efficiency of the industrial system, continuing to rely on the American tradition of rugged individualism, and lending federal funds to feed farm livestock

The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was established to

make loans to businesses, banks, and state and local governments

President Hoover's public image was severely damaged by his

handling of the dispersal of the Bonus Army

What was the Stimson doctrine?

The 1932 Stimson doctrine declared that the United States would not recognize any territorial acquisition achieved by force of arms

What contributed most to the Franklin Roosevelt's development of compassion and strength of will

FDR's affliction with infantile paralysis

The most vigorous "champion of the dispossessed"-- that is, the poor and minorities-- in Roosevelt administration circles was

Eleanor Roosevelt

In 1932, FDR campaigned on the promise that as president he would attack the Great Depression by

experimenting with bold new programs for economic and social reform

One striking new feature of the 1932 presidential election results was that

that African Americans shifted from their Republican allegiance and became a vital element in the Democratic party

When FDR assumed the presidency in March 1933 what kind of political support idd he have?

he received unprecedented congressional support

The Glass-Steagall Act

created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to insure individual bank deposits

The most immediate emergency facing FDR when he became president in March 1933 was

the collapse of international trade and unemployment

FDR took America off the gold standard and adopted a managed currency policy designed to

Stimulate inflation

The single most popular New Deal program was probably the

Civilian Conservation Corps

The most complex and ambitious New Deal effort to achieve recovery and reform the entire American economy was the

National Recovery Act

Probably the most radical New Deal program that provoked widespread charges of creeping socialism was the

Tennessee valley authority

President Roosevelt's chief "administrator of relief" and one of his closest advisors was

Harry Hopkins

Senator Huey P. Long of Louisiana gained a large national following by promising to

give every family 5,000 dollars

All of the following contributed to the Dust Bowl of the 1930s

Dry-farming techniques, droughts, the cultivation of marginal farmlands on the Great Plains, and soil erosion

The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 attempted to

reverse the forced assimilation of Native Americans into white society by establishing tribal self-government

The fate of most of the Okies and other Dust Bowl migrants who headed west to California was that they

escaped the deprivation and uncertainty of seasonal farm labor when they found jobs in defense industries during WWII

The Federal Securities Act and the Securities Exchange Commission aimed to

Provide full disclosure of information and prevent insider trading and other fraudulent practices

The strongest criticisms leveled against the Tennessee Valley Authority was that it

represented the first stage of "creeping socialism"

The most controversial aspect of Tennessee Valley Authority was its efforts in

Electrical power

The Social Security Act of 1935 provided all of the following

unemployment insurance, old-age pensions, economic provisions for the blind and disabled, and support for the blind and physically handicapped

The Wagner Act of 1935 proved to be a trailblazing law that

gave labor the right to bargain collectively

The 1936 election was most notable for

its reflection of a bitter class struggle between the poor and the rich

President Roosevelt's Court-packing scheme in 1937 reflected his desire to make the Supreme Court

more sympathetic to New Deal Programs

As a result of the 1937 Roosevelt recession

Roosevelt adopted Keynesian (planned deficit spending) economies

By 1938, the New Deal

Had lost most of its momentum

FDR's New Deal was most notable for

proving moderate social reform without radical revolution or reactionary fascism

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