Middle East 7 vocab set 15

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20 terms · summer school set 15

intifada

name given to the Palestinian uprisisngs on the West Bank and Gaza Regions under Jewish control

Ziggurat

Summerian building, many tiered temple

Hammurabi Code

Harsh code of laws developed in the Middle East, an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth

Carter

President who master-mided the Camp David Accord

torah

first five books of the Old Testement

Mohammed

individual who brought Islam to the world, he was a messenger or prophet of God

Koran

Islamic Holy book, rules, and laws that must be followed by good Muslims

Mosque

place of worship for the followers of the Islamic faith

rabbis

religious teachers in the Jewish faith that interpret Judaic law

Allah

Islamic name for God

5 Pillars

Rules that a good Muslim must follow to attain salvation

Kaaba

building that holds the sacred Holy black stone...from Allah

Jihad

Islamic holy war

Theocracy

form of government where a religious leader holds the reigns of political power...no separation of church and state

Hijra

Mohammed's flight from Mecca and Medina 622 A.D. considered to be the first year of the Islamic calendar

power vacuum

empty space found when two or more groups...individuals tange, and something must fill it

circumambulation

ceremony of parading around the Kaaba in Mecca

fundamentalism

religious beliefs based on a literal (actual) interpretation of everything in the ...Koran

Sunni

majority Muslim sect found in the Middle East believe that Mohammed's successor should be elected caliph

shiites

minority Islamic group that believed that Mohammed's successor should be a descendant of his.

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