the more important or emotional the utterance. meaningful and amount of content in an utterance
sub. of an alternative word for a stuttered on. ex Porky's bye for night
speaking with out hesitations, interjections, or reptitions
word improperly patterned in time and speaker's reaction there to.
sound where articulators constrict airflow but there is no complete cessation/interruption of airflow of air flow
percentage of people who have had stuttering at some pt in their lives
percentage of people who have condition now
smooth and effortlessly produced sp.
naturally occuring repet., prolongations and hesitations during speech
clinician works individually with child
true stuttering- affects kids as young as 18m and elderly
incipient stuttering- atypical dysfluencies- more sig dysfluencies not neccessarily more dysf
parents friends and teachers are counseled to reduce child's stress
cause of pathology
stuttering could be stopped by gradually presenting anxiety- evoking stimuli when client is otherwise relaxed
Delayed auditory feedback: time lapse between what is spoken and when speaker hears it
lack of eye contact, closing eyes mid sentence
person who stutters tries to remove herself from stuttering movement
diagnosogenic therory of stuttering 2
normal nonfluencies stuttering actually induce stuttering
response strength 2
usually high with life long stutters- magnitude of reaction to stimuls
stuttering fluently 2
learning to stutter smooth and gentle
operant conditioning 2
type of behavior mod. therapy- reward normal sp.- discourage stuttered sp so its almost totally eliminated. Discourage by reminding person to monitor sp. and use fluent sp. tools or with DAF. Even use cue when stuttering from teacher or parent
self esteem 2
ego strength- by group therapy or counseling
psychology therapy 2
use relaxation training , systematic densitization to treat phobia
verbal thought organization fluency disorder
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