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erythrocyte

red blood cell

leukocyte

white blood cell

thrombocyte

platelet

Granulocytes

Basophil
Eosinophil
Neutrophil

Agranulocyte

lymphocyte
monocyte

Undifferentiated stem cell

cell line used for all the blood cell types

long and flat bones

all blood cells are made in

testosterone

women's rbc values are 10% lower than men's rbc because of a lack of the hormone

5.4 X 10^6 rbc

average normal rbc count for a man

4.9 X 10^6 rbc

average normal rbc for a woman

45%

normal hematocrit for a male

40%

normal hematocrit for a female

4,500-11,000 cells

normal wbc cell count

infection

wbc's increase with

megakaryocyte

Platelets aer fragments of a cell line in the red bone marrow with a large nucleus; each platelet has a chunk of nucleus and stains purple

average normal platelet range

150,000-250,000 platelets per mm^3

4 250 million

oxygens per Hb?
hemoglobins in one rbc?

ATP

the production of __ is drastically affected by whether oxygen is available

Hb

what is the test that measures the actual oxygen capacity of your blood?

16 grams

normal average Hb value for a man

reticulocyte

What rbc type is released into circulation?

production = destruction

rule for immature rbc type

hemostasis

process that keeps you from bleeding (keeps the blood volume normal)

principles of hemostasis

vasoconstriction
platelet plug
fibrin clot

120 days

average rbc life span

EPO

hormone stimulates rbc production

morph

shape

Nucleus

Nuclear

leuk

white

erythro

red

karyo

kernel

emia

in the blood

penia

deficiency

granulo

vessel

liver spleen amino acids transferin liver bone marrow feratin hemociterin liver bilirubin

Organs that break down rbcs __ and __. The alpha and beta proteins are recycled into __ __ and are used to make more proteins or burned to make ATP. The iron is converted to Fe3 and is carried by a transport protein called __ to the __ and __ __ to be stored as __ and __. The heme rings are broken down in the __ to __

sickle cell anemia B thalaremia

Disorders both involve gene mutations that result in unstable hemoglobin

amoeboid motion capillaries diapedesis

All wbcs can crawl, called __; they use the bloodstream to travel anywhere in your body in under a minute, and leave the bloodstream through to smalled blood vessels called __ by __

round and big b t cells

Lymphocyte nucleus shape __, types __ and __

kidney 4

Monocyte nucleus shape, ave differential count __%

neutral 65

Neutrophil granule color, ave differential count __%

orange/pink 1-2

Eosinophil granule color, ave differential count __%

blue/dark purple 7.5

Basophil granule color, ave differential count __%

mast histamine bradykinin

basophils are related to __ cells; the granules in either type contain __ and __

leukopenia

If the wbc total count is low, it is called __.

leukemia

If one line of wbcs starts multiplying out of control, it is called

plasma cells

subtype that produces antibodies

helper t lymph

specific subtype infected with HIV

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