Chapter 7 Respiratory System Extra Credit Words

60 terms by Gonzalezjenn1 

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anoxia

the absence or nearly complete absence of oxygen from the body's gases, blood, or tissues

anthracosis

the form of pneumoconios caused by coal dust in the lungs; also known as black lung disease

antitussive

administered to prevent or relieve coughing (cough medicine)

aphonia

the loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds

apnea

the absence of spontaneous respiration

asbestosis

the form of pneumoconios caused by asbestos particles in the lungs

asphyxia

the condition that occurs when the body cannot get the air it needs to function

asphyxiation

any interruption of normal breathing resulting in asphyxia; also known as suffocation

aspiration pneumonia

can occur when a foreign substance, such as vomit, is inhaled into the lungs

asthma

a chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing

atelectasis

a condition in which the lung fails to expand completely due to shallow breathing or because the air passages are blocked

bradypnea

an abnormally slow rate of respiration usually of less than 10 breaths per minute

bronchodilator

a medication that expands the opening of the passages into the lungs

bronchorrhea

an excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi

bronchoscopy

the visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope

bronchospasm

a contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

a pattern of alternating periods of hypopnea or apnea, followed by hyperpnea

croup

an acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough

cystic fibrosis

a genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus

diphtheria

an acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract

dysphonia

any change in vocal quality, including hoarseness, weakness, or the cracking of a boy's voice during puberty

dyspnea

difficult or labored breathing; also known as shortness of breath

emphysema

the progressive loss of lung function that is commonly attributed to long-term smoking

empyema

an accumulation of pus or infected fluid in the pleural cavity

endotracheal intubation

the passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway

epistaxis

bleeding from the nose that is usually caused by an injury, excessive use of blood thinners, or bleeding disorders; also known as a nosebleed

hemoptysis

coughing up of blood or bloodstained sputum

hemothorax

an accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity

hypercapnia

the abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood

hyperpnea

an increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements

hypopnea

shallow or slow respiration

hypoxemia

a condition of having below-normal oxygen level in the blood

hypoxia

the condition of having below-normal oxygen levels in the body tissues and cells; less severe than anoxia

laryngectomy

the surgical removal of the larynx

laryngitis

an inflammation of the larynx

laryngoplegia

paralysis of the larynx

laryngoscopy

the visual examination of the larynx using a laryngoscope

mediastinum

the cavity located between the lungs that contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, and thymus gland

nebulizer

pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn it into a vapor, which is then inhaled by the patient via a face mask or mouthpiece

otolaryngologist

a physician with specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck; also known as an ENT

pertussis

a contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract

pharyngitis

an inflammation of the pharynx

pharyngoplasty

the surgical repair of the pharynx

pharyngotomy

a surgical incision of the pharynx

pleurisy

an inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath

pleurodynia

pain in the pleura or in the side that occurs in relation to breathing movements

pneumoconiosis

an abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs that usually develops after years of environmental or occupational contact

pneumonectomy

the surgical removal of all or part of a lung

polysomnography

the diagnostic measurement of physiological activity during sleep; also known as a sleep apnea study

pulmonologist

a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the lungs and associated tissues

pulse oximeter

an external monitor placed on the patient's finger or earlobe to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood

pyothorax

the presence of pus in the pleural cavity between the layers of the pleural membrane

sinusitis

an inflammation of the sinuses

tachypnea

an abnormally rapid rate of respiration usually or more than 20 breaths per minute

thoracentesis

the surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity

thoracostomy

the surgical creation of an opening into the chest cavity to establish drainage of empyema

tracheostomy

the surgical creation of an opening into the trachea and insertion of a tube to facilitate the passage of air or the removal of secretions

tracheotomy

an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage

tuberculosis

an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, usually attacks the lungs

pneumothorax

abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung

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