Abeka 10th Grade World History Unit 5 (Chapters 17-23) Review

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This a review for the third-quarter nine-week exam over Abeka World History and Cultures Unit 5 (Chapters 17-23).

Louis XIV

the "Sun King" who said "L'etat cest moi" (I am the state.")

bureaucracy

term meaning "men who sit at desks"

Samuel de Champlain

the "Father of New France"

Palace of Versailles

palace built by Louis XIV for nobility

Quebec

the first permanent French colony in America

Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet

men who explored the central Mississippi River

War of the Spanish Succession

the most costly war of Louis XIV's reign

Treaty of Utrecht

treaty that ended the War of the Spanish Succession

Age of Enlightenment

time when men attempted to apply unaided human philosophy to all areas of man's life in order to establish a new social order

Voltaire

the "Father of the Enlightenment" who advocated rationalism

rationalism

the belief that man's reason is the sole criterion for truth

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

French Enlightenment philosopher known as the "Father of French Romanticism"

romanticism

the belief that man's emotions and imagination are the basis of truth, and that "Man is naturally good, but society is bad."

Denis Diderot

editor of the "Encyclopedia"

Louis XIV

French king who said "Apres moi le deluge" ("After me the deluge"

clergy

made up the "First Estate"

nobility

made up the "Second Estate"

Tennis Court Oath

oath in which the National Assembly vowed to continue meeting until a national constitution had been written

July 14, 1789

date when the Bastille was stormed

Jacobin Club

radical French club who met in a monastery

Right

conservative side of the Constituent Assembly

Left

radical side of the Constituent Assembly

Center

side of the Constituent Assembly without set principles

Maximilian Robespierre

prominent and influential member of the Jacobin Club and leader of the Committee of Public Safety

guillotine

a device for chopping off human heads

Deism

belief that God is an impersonal being Who is revealed only in nature

Napoleon Bonaparte

powerful French leader born in Corsica who conquered much of Europe for the French

plebiscite

an election in which the people express their will

"Code Napoleon"

Napoleon's law codes

Battle of Trafalgar

naval battle in which the British navy destroyed a combined French and Spanish fleet

Lord Horatio Nelson

the greatest naval hero the world has ever known

Battle of Austerlitz

the greatest victory of Napoleon's career

Marie Louise

Napoleon's second wife

Czar Alexander I

Russian leader who withdrew his country from the Continental System

Battle of Leipzig

"Battle of Nations" in which the combined forces of Europe defeated Napoleon's new army

Elba

first island to which Napoleon was executed

Waterloo

city in Belgium where Napoleon met his final defeat

Duke of Wellington

British general who defeated Napoleon at Waterloo

St. Helena

final island to which Napoleon was executed

1815

date at which Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo

James I

English king who believed in the "divine right of kings"

Pilgrims

group of Separatists who fled to Holland and eventually America due to persecution under James I in England

1611

date when the King James Version Bible was completed

Jamestown

the first permanent English settlement in the New World

1620

date when Plymouth was established

1630

date when Massachusetts was established

Roundheads

those who supported Parliament during the reign of Charles I

Cavaliers

those who supported the king during the reign of Charles I

Oliver Cromwell

Puritan leader of the Roundheads

Rump Parliament

parliament that executed Charles I for treason

Protectorate

type of government under Oliver Cromwell

Treaty of Dover

treaty that obtained tolerance for English Catholics

Charles II

king who issued the Treaty of Dover and became a Catholic

Philipp Spener

Lutheran leader of the Pietists

Count Nicholas von Zinzendorf

leader of the Moravians

Hernhut

Moravian "headquarters"

George Whitefield

the best known Great Awakening evangelists

empiricism

the belief that experience is the only source of knowledge

David Hume

promoted skepticism

skepticism

the idea that to know truth is impossible

Charles Wesley

invented the Methodists

Robert Raikes

"Father of the Sunday School Movement" who started the first Sunday school

John Howard

worked to improve prison conditions

William Carey

"Father of Modern Missions"

Edmund Burke

"Father of Modern Conservatism"

Sir William Blackstone

leader authority on English law during the eighteenth century

Samuel Johnson

greatest literary figure of the eighteenth century

Captain James Cook

discovered New Zealand, New Guinea, Australia, and the Hawaiian Islands

George I

began the Hanoverian line of kings

Robert Walpole

the first true prime minister of Britain

George III

king who colonized Georgia, the thirteenth English colony

revolutionary nationalism

a desire to break loose from established government and rule one's self

anarchy

political disorder and violence; lack of government

Immanuel Kant

advocated idealism

idealism

basing one's action upon what one wishes were true rather than on reality

G.W.F. Hegel

introduced dialectic thinking

dialectic thinking

the idea that one fact or idea works against a contradictory fact or idea to create a "new fact"

Friedrich Schleiermacher

the "Father of Theological Liberalism"

modernists

religious liberals

"higher criticism"

the idea of questioning the Bible and its authority

Czar Alexander I, Lord Castlereagh, Comte de Talleyrand, and Prince von Metternich

the key diplomats at the Congress of Vienna

Prince von Metternich

the "Prince of Diplomats"

Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Great Britain

the countries in the "Quadruple Alliance"

Austria, Prussia, Great Britain, Great Britain, and France

the countries in the "Quintuple Alliance"

Creoles

Spaniards born in the colonies

mestizos

Latin Americans of mixed Spanish and Indian ancestry

Jose de San Martin and Bernardo O'Higgins

won Chilean independence

Simon Bolivar

"The Liberator"

Treaty of Adrianople

treaty recognizing Greek independence

Giuseppe Mazzini

organized "Young Italy"

Giuseppe Garibaldi

member of "Young Italy" who organized the "Red Shirts"

Victor Emmanuel II

first king of a united Italy

Otto von Bismark

chancellor of Prussia

Prussia

won the Franco-Prussian war

France and Russia

countries in the Dual Alliance

France and Great Britain

countries in the Entente Cordial

Britain, France, and Russia

countries in the Triple Alliance

Louis Blanc

advocated democratic socialism

Ernest Rutherford

the "Father of Nuclear Science"

Max Planck

proposed the quantum theory

Albert Einstein

German who proposed the theory of relativity

Henry Ford

invented the Model-T and the assembly line

Ferdinand von Zeppelin

invented the dirigible

Orville and Wilbur Wright

made the first successful airplane flight

KDKA

first commercial broadcasting station

Archduke Francis Ferdinand

assassinated Austrian heir

July 28, 1914

date when World War I began

Verdun

fortress-city defended by the French

"tommies"

nickname for British soldiers

T.E. Lawrence

led the Arabs against the Turks

Battle of Jutland

most important naval battle of World War I

Manfred von Richthofen

"Red Baron"

Eddie Rickenbacker

American ace

Zimmerman note

note proposing an alliance between Mexico and Germany at the expense of the U.S.

1917

year when Congress declared war on Germany

John J. Pershing

commander of the American Expeditionary Force

"doughboys"

nickname for American soldiers

November 11,1918

date when World War I ended

Gross National Product

total output of goods and services

capitalism

free enterprise system

Thomas Alva Edison

the greatest inventor in history

John Dalton

proposed the atomic theory

George Washington

first President of the U.S.

Jethro Tull

invented the seed drill

Cyrus McCormick

invented the reaper

Robert Fulton

invented the first practical steamship

Cyrus Field

laid the first transatlantic telegraph cable

Samuel Morse

perfected the electric telegraph

Alexander Graham Bell

invented the telephone

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