Name 3 French New Wave directors.
a. Jean Luc Godard
b. Francois Truffaut
c. Eric Rohmer
What is "auteur theory"?
Directors were considered the author's of their films---they were the creative equivalent of painters or novelists. "la politique des auteurs"
What is Cahiers du Cinema?
Cultural film journal of the 20th century Truffaut and Godard wrote for the journal. Pushed the auteur theory.
What is the importance of Andre Bazin to the French New Wave?
Bazin was a film critic and theorist. He was the co-founder of Cahiers du Cinema
What type of French cinema were the New Wave directors reaching out against?
Cinema du Papa, mainstream French films called "tradition of quality"
What is the significance of the freeze frame in 400 Blows?
It leaves the ending hanging. The audience does not know what will happen---they are left guessing. Antoine's journey is unresolved. A tribute to the Neorealist story ambiguity.
What is the name of the child character in 400 Blows? What is meant by the "Antoine Doinel" cycle of films?
Antoine Doinel--- the films are supposed to be autobiographical of Truffaut's life.
What were the narrative and stylistic innovations of Breathless?
The film broke many continuity rules of editing: 180 degree rule, 35 degree rule with the jump cuts. Spontaneous film with a small cast and budget. Natural locations much like neorealism. Mobil camera. Fully aware of the conventions it was breaking. Self-aware film.
Explain the term New Wave.
From the French " Nouvelle Vague"--- a journalistic expression that was applied to cinema, post WWII rebellious generation. Applied to everything non-conformist.
Name 2 films by Truffaut.
a. 400 Blows (1959)
b. Jules et Jim (1962)
Name 2 films by Godard.
a. Breathless (1960)
b. Pierrot le Fou (1965)
What is the name of the article written by Truffaut criticizing mainstream French cinema/ the tradition of quality?
" A Certain Tendency of the French Cinema" 1954--- A director should think with the camera not simply frame the screenplay. Story was influenced by theatre, predictable aesthetics, production system based on seniority not creativity.
Name 4 factors that contributed to the emergence of New Wave.
audience, a social setting, a critical renaissance, government institutions and new production options.
Name 4 key aspects of New Wave.
a. Unconventional stories told in a radical style for the young audience
b. Most New Wave directors were critics prior to being filmmakers
c. Use of portable and handheld cameras; shot quickly with a small crew
d. The audience were post WWII cinephiles- they were educated film critics.
How did Neorealism influence New Wave?
The location shooting, the non-conformist filmmaking styles and context.
How does Breathless reflect Godard's approach to filmmaking as cinema/ Why is it considered to be a self-reflexive, metafilm?
The film knew the conventions it was breaking. There are many allusions to other artists and films and it is made apparent to the audience that you are watching a film.