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Substance abuse exam

Addiction

a chronic disorder of genetic, biological/pharmological and social factors

Dependence

tolerance and withdrawal with a wide range of social, legal, psych, and medical problems.

Tolerance

when certain drugs are taken repeteadly and person no longer feels effect,,needs more.

Compulsion

loss of control or loss of choice

Addiction

continued use despite of adverse consequences

Craving

occurs daily dysphoria

Denial

blinded to risks and consequences of using

Use

socially accepted or medically sanctioned manner to modify control or state of mind

Misue

taking drug/alcohol in damaging quantities other than rx or use of illegal drug

Abuse

the continued use of drug/alcohol in spite of neg consequences

Moral model

addictions are the result of human weakness and are defects of character.

Disease model

addiction is an illness and comes about as a result of the impairment of healthy neruro or behav process

Genetic model

predisposition to certain behaviors

Cultural model

elements of all other models in developing a therapeutic approach to dependency

Precontemplation

not yet acknowledging that there is a problem that needs to be changed

Contemplation

Acknowledging that there is a problem but not ready or sure to make change

Preparation

Getting ready to change

Action

Changing behavior

Maintenance

maintaining behavior change or relapse

Stimulants

cocaine, crackcoc, amphetamines, methamphetamine, nicotine caffeine

Narc/Opioids

opium, morphine, heroin, codeine fentanyl oxycontin, destromethorphin, methadone, burpren,naloxone

Depressents

alcohol

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