United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II
United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy (1885-1966)
Battle of the Coral Sea
Allies first important victory, just northwest of Australia. (1942) Forces turned the seemingly unstoppable Japanese navy.
Battle of Midway
Important turning point. Despite terrible losses, the US navy regained control of the central pacific.
one of the Solomon Islands in southwest Pacific, Japanese building airstrip, August 1942 battle, Allies won
George C. Marshall
Army Chief of Staff, Supported a plan for a major ally invasion in France across the English channel.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Was placed in charge of the France operation by Marshall, previously not well known.
Hero of El Alamein, helpe Patton overthrow the German's from Africa in May of 1943.
Battle of Stalingrad
The winter of 1942-43, the Russians held off a German evasion. Hitler could not continue his offensive because he suffered such great losses here.
Unions must wait 30 days before striking and the president could seize a struck plant in this act.
Office of Price Administration (OPA)
Government agency which successful combatted inflation by fixing price ceilings on commodities and introducing rationing programs during World War II.
War Production Board (WPB)
Government agency that decided which companies would make war materials and how to distribute raw materials
Office of War Mobilization (OWM)
FDR gradually move the War Production Board to the white house and it became this.
National Defense Research Committee
Committee made before the war by FDR that organized scientists for a weapons race against the Axis.
Narrow beams more effective than the previous version of this. Easily miniaturized, effective.
British Lancaster B1
Capable of flying a bomb-load of 6,000 lbs for 1,300 miles and reaching 37,000 feet. British.
American Boeing B17F
Capable of flying a bomb-load of 6,000 lbs for 1,300 miles and reaching 37,000 feet. American
The largest of the computer capable of decipher the British messages faster then before.
A. Philip Randolph
President of the Brotherhood of the Sleeping Car Porter that began to insist that companies with Defense contracts begin integrating their work forces.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
1942, Organized mass popular resistance like no one had ever done before.
Used in the war to speak in their languages which no one else would be able to understand.
A series of riots in L.A. California during WW2, soldiers stationed in the city and Mexican youths because of the zoot suits they wore.
First generation Japanese immigrants to North America. Noun. The Issei were unable to attain citizenship.
Children whose mother worked and Fathers were at the war, often locked in Cars or housed for hours at a time.
Thomas E. Dewey
The Governor of New York (1943-1955) and the unsuccessful Republican candidate for the U.S. Presidency in 1944 and 1948
went after military scandals and ended up saving 50 million in tax payer money-the buck stops here
A city the U.S. went on a bomb raid of destroying 3/4 of the city and killing 135,000 ppl.
Battle of Saint-Lô
Battle in July where Omar Bradley smashed through German lines. Patton went through the hole Bradley created and attaced the heart of France.
Army led by this man spearheaded by heavy tank attacks and then moved through the hole Bradley had created and began a drive into the heart of France during invasion of france.
Area where battle of the bulge took place. Where germans were struck in desperation along 50 miles.
Battle of the Bulge
Last major battle on the western front. Germans drove 55 miles before they were finally stopped at Bastogne. Named after the large bulge that appeared in the American lines as the germans pressed forward.
in February 1944 american naval forces under Admiral Chester Nimitz won a series of victiories here and cracked the outer perimeter of the Japanese bastions. Where after a month U.S. destroyed other vital Japanese bastions. Submarines in the area were decimating Japanese shipping and crippling Japan's domestic economy.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
Largest naval engagment in history. American forces held off thr Japanese onslaught and snak four japanease carriers, all but destroying Japan's capacity to continue a serious naval war.
Battle of Okinawa
A battle that took place 370 miles from japan. Thousands of kamikaze planes destroying 3,500 of british and American boats. Japanese troops on shore launche dnighttime attacks on the American lines. U.S. and allies lost 50,000 before capturaing this area. Over 100000 japenase lost
.When American bombers traveled to Japan and bomb Tokyo in march with little resistance it killed over 80,000 people.
Used ideas from this atomic physicist to help make the brand ne wweapon of war. His ideas gave a better understanding of mass and energy.
Danish physicist sent news of German experimnents in radioactivity to the U.S.where new experiments began in many places.
Project made by Engineer District Office of the Army Corps of Engineers that reaserched fission and tried to make the next great weapon of war.
J. Robert Oppenheimer
Man who directed scientists of Los Alamos who were in charge of the construction of the actual atomic bomb.
Alamogordo, New Mexico
Area where scientist gathered to see the first atomic explosion. (BOOOOOOOOOOOOOM)
The american plan that dropped an atomic weapon on the Japanese industrial center at Hiroshima.
With the atomic bomb droppe dby Enola Gay it completly incinerated a four square mile area at the center of the previously undamaged city. More then 80,000 civilians died. Two days after Soviet Union declared war on japan.
A second atomic weapon was dropped here, killing 100,000 deaths and did horrible damage on the city.