← China Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- 1368 AD
- Early 1400s
- 1045 AD
- Early 1600s
- a The Imperial or "Forbidden" city is created for the emperor; a sign of their immense power and influence.
- b Despotic rulers continue to enforce restrictions, even on trade. Eventually, people grew tired of the government taxation and their restrictions, and, as a result, peasants in the South regions rebelled against the despots.
- c The Chinese rebelled against the Mongols, expelled the foreigners and created a new dynasty called the Ming dynasty, which was led and founded by emperor Taizu.
- d A Chinese inventor and "commoner" made a moveable-type printing press. He placed each of the characters in a mechanized metal frame, which made printing very quick and efficient.
- e A massive encyclopedia set of 5,020 volumes is created in China.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- China's borders expand north in Manchuri and Mongolia and west into Tibet, and south into what is present-day Vietnam and Burma. During the Qing dynasty China doubled in size (territory).
- Ming rulers, like emperor Taizu made themselves very powerful, even despotic. Taizu abolished the position of prime minister and controlled all departments of the goverments. As his power increased, he feared open discussion of government topics and instead he preferred to make decisions in secret councils. He even created a secret police force to spy on officials. Historians estimate that at least 100,000 people were executed during his reign for corruption.
- The Ming dynasty felt pressure from rebelling peasant factions, costly exploration and invasions from Manchus in the north. Eventually, the tribal group from the north, the Manchus, successfully invaded and took over Ming dynasty and started a new one called the Qing dynasty (pronounced "Ching")
- After Zheng He's seven expeditions and journeys through India, Asia, Arabia and Africa, the Ming emperors decided that the rest of the world had little value to offer China. They forbade further exploration and ended the costly voyages; a period of isolationism began.
- Woodblock printing, the oldest form of printing developed in China. Skilled craftspeople carved raised Chinese characters on a wooden "page," brushed ink on the page and then laid paper over it to make a print. The entire process was time consuming and done by hand.
5 True/False Questions
220 AD → Emperor Xian Di, the last of the Han emperors, could not solve the many problems of the empire and it fell apart into small competing feudal kingdoms.
618 AD → The Tang Dynasty began because a rebellious lord had taken power from the Sui emperor and he proclaimed himself emperor.
1200s AD → Gunpowder was made in large quantities for trade.
221 BC → Emperor Xian Di, the last of the Han emperors, could not solve the many problems of the empire and it fell apart into small competing feudal kingdoms.
1288 AD → The Chinese rebelled against the Mongols, expelled the foreigners and created a new dynasty called the Ming dynasty, which was led and founded by emperor Taizu.