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300 Essential GRE Words Pt. 1

Aberrant

(adj.) markedly different from an accepted norm

Abeyance

(n.) temporary cessation or suspension

Abscond

(v.) depart secretly and hide

Abstemious

(adj.) sparing in consumption of especially food and drink

Admonish

(v.) To caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty

Aesthetic

(adj.) pertaining to beauty

Aesthete

(n.) one who professes great sensitivity to the beauty of art and nature

Aggregate

(v.) gather in a mass, sum, or whole
adj. amounting to a whole; total
(n.) collective mass or sum

Alacrity

(n.) liveliness and eagerness; cheerful willingness; speed

Anomalous

(adj.) Abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual
(n.) = anomaly

Apprise

(v.) to inform

Approbation

(n.) official recognition or approval; praise

Appropriate

(v.) give or assign a share of money or time to a particular person or cause; confiscate

Artless

(adj.) simple and natural
Ex. not devious; "an ingenuous admission of responsibility"

Ascetic

(adj.) practicing great self-denial
n. one who practices self-denial

Assiduous

(adj.) marked by care and persistent effort; diligent; hard-working

Assuage

(v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench

Attenuate

(v.) become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude

Audacious

(adj.) bold, adventurous, recklessly daring

Austere

(adj.) of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor
Ex. forbidding in aspect; "an austere expression"; "a stern face"

Autonomous

(adj.) existing as an independent entity; self-governing

Aver

(v.) to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

Belie

(v.) to contradict, to give a false impression

Beneficent

(adj.) doing or producing good

Boorish

(adj.) rude; insensitive

Burgeon

(v.) grow and flourish

Burnish

(v.) polish and make shiny

Buttress

(v.) make stronger or defensible; support

Capricious

(adj.) determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason; fickle

Castigation

(n.) verbal punishment; a severe scolding

Causality

(n.) the relation between causes and effects

Chicanery

(n.) the use of tricks to deceive someone (usually to extract money from them)

Coagulate

(v.) cause to change from a liquid to a solid or thickened state

Coda

(n.) the closing section of a literary or musical composition

Commensurate

(adj.) corresponding in size or degree or extent; proportional

Compendium

(n.) a concise but comprehensive summary of a larger work

Complaisant

(adj.) showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others

Conciliatory

(adj.) overcoming animosity or hostility

Confound

(v.) be confusing or perplexing to; baffle; perplex; mix up

Connoisseur

(n.) an expert able to appreciate a field

Contention

(n.) assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition

Contentious

(adj.) inclined or showing an inclination to dispute or disagree, even to engage in law suits; quarrelsome

Conundrum

(n.) riddle, puzzle or problem with no solution

Conventional

(adj.) following accepted customs and proprieties

Convoluted

(adj.) highly involved or intricate

Craven

(adj.) cowardly

Delineate

(v.) to portray, sketch, or describe in accurate and vivid detail; to represent pictorially

Denigrate

(v.) charge falsely or with malicious intent

Derivative

(n.) (linguistics) a word that is derived from another word
something derived; unoriginal
v. obtained from another source

Diffuse

(v.) to spread or scatter freely or widely
(adj.) wordy, long-winded, or unfocused; scattered or widely spread

Digression

(n.) straying from the main point

Discerning

(adj.) having or revealing keen insight and good judgment

Discordant

(adj.) not in agreement or harmony

Discredit

(v.) to throw doubt upon, cause to be distrusted; to damage in reputation
(n.) a loss or lack of belief, confidence, or reputation

Discrepancy

(n.) a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions

Discrete

(adj.) constituting a separate entity or part

Disingenuous

(adj.) not straightforward or candid

Disinterested

(adj.) unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective

Disjointed

(adj.) lacking orderly continuity

Dismiss

(v.) put away from consideration; reject

Disparage

(v.) express a negative opinion of

Disseminate

(v.) cause to become widely known
Ex. "spread information"; "circulate a rumor"; "broadcast the news"

Dissolution

(n.) the breaking up or dissolving of something into parts; disintegration

Distend

(v.) swell from or as if from internal pressure

Distill

(v.) extract the essential elements

Doctrinaire

(adj.) unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties

Ebullient

(adj.) overflowing with enthusiasm and excitement; boiling, bubbling

Effrontery

(n.) shameless boldness, impudence

Embellish

(v.) make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.

Emulate

(v.) strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

Endemic

(adj.) native to or confined to a certain region

Enervate

(v.) weaken mentally or morally

Ephemeral

(adj.) enduring a very short time

Equanimity

(n.) steadiness of mind under stress; composure; calmness

Erudite

(adj.) having or showing profound knowledge; learned; scholarly

Exacerbate

(v.) make worse; aggrevate

Exculpate

(v.) pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

Exigency

(n.) a pressing or urgent situation; crisis

Extraneous

(adj.) coming from the outside; not essential

Facetious

(adj.) humorous, not meant seriously

Fallacious

(adj.) based on an incorrect or misleading notion or information

Fatuous

(adj.) stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way

Felicitous

(adj.) appropriate, apt, well chosen; marked by well-being or good fortune, happy

Flag

(v.) become less intense

Fledgling

(adj.) young and inexperienced
(n.) beginner; novice

Flout

(v.) to mock, treat with contempt

Foment

(v.) stir up; instigate

Forestall

(v.) keep from happening or arising

Frugality

(n.) thrift

Gainsay

(v.) to deny, contradict, controvert; to dispute, oppose

Garrulous

(adj.) very talkative

Goad

(v.) to drive or urge on; (n.) something used to drive or urge on

Gouge

(v.) to tear out; scoop out; overcharge

Grandiloquent

(adj.) puffed up with vanity

Gregarious

(adj.) sociable

Guileless

(adj.) free of cunning or deceit; artless

Gullible

(adj.) easily tricked because of being too trusting

Harangue

(n.) a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion

Homogeneous

(adj.) all of the same or similar kind or nature

Hyperbole

(n.) extravagant exaggeration

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