Greek in the dark and Archaic Ages

Created by davidboudrero 

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Dorians

warlike northern Greeks

Peloponnesus

southernmost part of Greece

Argos

was gained by Temenus, grandchild of Hercules, when Peloponnesus was divided in 3

Messenia

was gained by Messenia, grandchild of Hercules, when Peloponnesus was divided in 3

Laconia

was gained by the sons of Aristomdemus when Peloponnesus was divided in 3

Athens

City in Eastern Greece

Ionia

the western coastal area of Anatolia

Subsistence Economy

where all resources necessary for survival were locally produced

Phratry

"brotherhood"

Dialects

different forms of the same language that have unique words, meanings, and pronounciations

Thessaly and Boetia

where the Aeolians setteled, the attic dialect was specifically spoken here

Monarchy

"rule by one"

Ekklesia

a warrior assembly composed of all free men eligible to serve in the army

Aristocrats

Rich families "the best people"

Boule

heads of the aristocratic families, members of the council that advised the king

Aristocracy

government that replaced monarchy, Aristocrats ruled

Sparta

the most powerful Greek city in the Peloponessus

Archon

"ruler", replaced the aristocrat king

Corinth

8 villages combined to make Corinth a city

Statis

constant competition and conflict

Arete

"excellence". Greeks, aristocrats in particular, were expected to demonstrate this

Shame culture

one's feelings of oneself were determined by how one appeared to other people

Hetairai

elegant and sophisticated prostitutes. "companion"

Hellenes

Those who came from Hellas, proud people, What the Greeks called themselves

Barbarian

one that did not speak Greek

Olympian gods

Greek mythology, religious belief in 12 gods headed by Zeus

Zeus

Head of Olympian gods, God of lightning and thunder

Hera

wife of Zeus, goddess of marriage

Aphrodite

goddess of sex and love

Dionysus

god of wine and ritual madness

Athena

armored goddess of wisdom

Ares

God of war

Anthropomorphic

humanlike gods. Not just in shape but in behavior

Hercules

Hero. Half-god

Oracle of Apollo

An oracle was a person who revealed the will of the gods in answer to people's questions. , Tells Acrisius that his grandson, Perseus, will be greater than him and kill him
This is why Danae is locked up

Apollo

god of light, music, and medicine

Pythia

priestess of Apollo, inhaled volcanic fumes and then a cryptic response

Amphictyonic "neighboring peoples" League

cities of peoples formed together that could declare a sacred war to protest the sanctuary

pan-hellenic

Greece wide

Archaic age (776-500 BCE)

Greece was emerging from its period of depression

Colonies

established around the shores, modeled on the cities that founded them

Metropolis

Mother city

Magna Graecia

"Great Greece". Southern Italy and western Sicily

Syracuse

great city in Sicily established by Corinth

Hoplites

heavily armed Greek infantrymen who marched and fought in close ranks; most of the recruits were middle-class citizens. primary weapon was an 8 foot spear

Phalanx

Army of hoplites 6 ranks deep

Lawgivers

appointed to write down the laws

Oligarchy

form of constitutional government "rule of the few"

Tyrant

illegal ruler

Age of Tyrants

650-550 BCE. many Greek cities used this means of dealings

Homer

blind poet

philosophy

"love of wisdom". Greek scientific thought.

Pythagoras

Greek philosopher from Samos

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