ewe war dance, "clear life", polyrhythmic, call and response, including double bell gourd rattle drums
no separation between the spiritual and physical world. All things have souls
xylophone like instrument, super dense rhythm, triple interlocking patterns, fast playing
Lute family instrument. Like a banjo and has banjo like technique. From Senegal region
talking drum, signifies important event, drum poetry text praises, historical king typically occurs without speech, drum played with hammer/hook looking mallets
spirit possession ceremony
use of a spirit medium to communicate with ancestors, sponsored by family of the deceased, lasts thru night, playing tunes deceased enjoyed
zimbabwe genre of music, references to the struggle of human rights and political justice in africa
instrumental relationships not meter, interlocking parts, timbre interlocking etc.
considered the king of highlife, songs still popular, learned sax and trumpet, led tempos bad and developed a style that fused various elements
the ideology that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities
ethnic group from eastern Ghana. Lots of polyrhythms (3:2) or (3:8) has a lot of call and response
nigerian musician, human rights activist, political maverick, inventor of afrobeat music, combining nigerian music with american influences
Dominating outside parties legitimate condensed, simplified, or commodified displays, invoking, promoting, and cherishing them as official and authentic custom, while at the same time misunderstanding, ignoring, or suppressing the real creative forces and expressive meanings that animate them in the community
2 note melody in a 3 note pulse
musical genre from ghana with jazzy horns, multiple guitars, uptempo synth driven sounds
vocal technique similar to yodeling, involved in call response, interlocking melody, used with nose flute the singing in between blowing
two handed maranka gourds with seeds making a rattling sound, used in mbira music
a cappella male choral singing from south africa, call response format
the leading part in shona music, followed by kutsinhira a beat behind in polyrhythmic music
the second part being a beat behind within a cycle of 12 beats combined with kushaura in a polyrhythm
water drums, usually played by women
west african empire, ruling much of the niger river
a thumb piano, wooden board with staggered metal keys with resonator, usually accompanied by the hosho
south african vocal music , usually male, ocassianally with a female acapella group, like in lion king
music genre in the congo. yodeling, hocket, uses nose flute, dense polyphonic texture. no beginning or ending, open form. also uses water drum or forest harp.
orchestra of elephant tusk horns, summoning kings to forests
no beginning no end to a song just keep playing anyone can participate, situated in space rather than unfolding in time
Oral Historians of music. were court musicians and praise singers. Had special roles in society Could only marry a person of equal class. had spiritual significance. Has syllabic singing that often has a decending contour.
Kingdom of Ghana
western africa country area
21 string instrument. Like a harp ( each sting has own pitch. not fretted) (he brought this into class )
the representation of the east in western writing or art, embodying colonialism
repeating melody, cyclic
Palm Wine music
west african musical genre, african guitar group , often singers
multiple melodies and harmonies at once
honking horns that make music, in ghana
the interlocking parts of rhythms, how dense is the polyrhythm
root instrument of highlife sound, ghana instrument, a harp like instrument, played with thumbs
group of people in east and southwest zimbabwe, usually using mbira, singing, hosho, and drumming, with dancing!
Term used in West Africa for showing appreciation of a musician by placing money on them while performing. Lucrative additional source of income for musicians.
known as the lion of zimbabwe for his immense popularity and political influence he weilds through his music. He created and made popular chimurenga music.
Characteristics of "Palm Wine" style.
polyrhythmic melody and percussion, interlocking guitar motives, call and harmony response, vocal
Characteristics of pygmy music, and relationship to social system
West African musical characteristics in general
Characteristics of South African choral music.
Characteristics of Ewe society.
A semiotic analysis of "talking drums" (i.e. type(s) of signs)
Role of the jali in Senegalese society.