What % of our atmosphere is made up of oxegen
What % of our atmosphere is made up of nitrogen
How is the earths atmosphere a system?
It interacts wth other earth systems
Is there more or less dense air wen there r fewerr molocules in given volume of air?
Give an example of conduction
Standing on sand
Give an example of convection
Hot cocoa and orange juice
Give an example of radiation
The sun on skin
What happens to air pressure as u rise upwards in the atmosphere?
List each layer of the atmosphere in order from the surface of earth going up and name one unique charactoristic for each:
Thermosphere outermost layer
Mesosphere protects earths surface from meteriods
Stratosphere contains the ozone layer
Trophosphere layer where earths weather occurs
I general what happens to the tempeautures as u go higher in altitude?
It goes down
What causes wind?
Differences in air pressure
What are 3 ways heat can bE transferred?
Conduction, convection, and radiation
How is heat transferred in the trophosphere?
What are the layers of the atmosphere classified by?
Differences in tempeature
What does he ozpne layer protect us from?
The really hot heat
Which layer of the earth protects us from meteriods?
Energy from the sun travels to earth in the form of..
Electromagnetic waves/ visibke light and infrared radiation
Infrared radiation is a type of
Electromagnetic energy and heat
Which gas is the greatest amount in the atmosphere?
Weather - the condition of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Atmosphere - the envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
Define water vapor
Water in the form of a gas
The ratio of mass of a substance to its volume
Define air pressure
Pressure caused by the weight of a colum of air pushing down on air
Elevstion above sea level
A form of oxegen that has 3 atoms in each molocule
The transfer of heat by electromagnetic waves
Define infrared radiation
Electromagnetic waves with wavelengths that are longer than visible light
Define visible light
Includes all colors of the rainbow, Visible light is a wave that can be detected (seen) by human eyes (also know as the visible spectrum)
Define ultraviolet radiation
Electromagnetic aves with wavelengths that are shorter than visible light. Can cause sunburn
How hotnpr cold something is
An instrument used to measure heat
The transfer of thermal energy from one object to the other
The teansfer of thermal energy by the movement of fluid
The transfer of thermal energy from one particle to the other
Define convection currents
The movement of a fluid caused by differences in tempeatures. Convection currents transfer heat from one part of a fluid to the other
The horizontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area ofnlow pressure
Define Coriolis effect
The effect of earths rotation on the direction of winds rotation