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The word "theatre" comes from the Greek theatron, which means

seeing place

The word "drama" comes from the Greek dran, which means

To do

Which of the following is a possible meaning of "theatre"?

the building where the play is performed, the company of players, the occupation of acting, directing, designing, building, crewing, managing, producing, and playwriting

The minimal requirement for a theatre "building" is

a place to act and a place to watch

Which theatrical craft fits the following description? Technicians execute in proper sequence, and with carefully rehearsed timing, the light and sound cues, the shifting of scenery, the placement and return of properties, and the assignment, laundering, repair, and change of costumes.

Crewing

The task of securing all necessary personnel, space, and financing; supervising all production and promotion efforts; fielding all legal matters; and distributing the proceeds derived from receipts falls to who

producer

The task of securing all necessary personnel, space, and financing; supervising all production and promotion efforts; fielding all legal matters; and distributing the proceeds derived from receipts falls to who

house manager

The person who controls and develops the artistic product and provides it with a unified vision is the

director

Which of the following theatrical crafts is usually executed away from the theatre building and its associated shops?

playwriting

Historically, theatres have developed in close relationship to

sports activities

While both theatre and sport are public spectacles, theatre differs from sports activities because

Theatre has a pre-ordained ending

The distinctive feature of theatre, which separates it from other arts, is that theatre employs

impersonation

theatre is an art because it

combines emotions, intellect, and aesthetics

Denis Diderot's idea of the paradox of the actor states that onstage

while the actor disappears or seems lifeless, the simulated character seems to live

The English word for person comes from the Latin word for

a mask

In the ancient Greek theatre, what physical and symbolic element separated the actors from the audience

the actors wore masks

Which mode of performance makes the drama "dramatic" as opposed to simply theatrical, enabling the audience to concentrate on the events that are being and not on their method of demonstration

representational

Which mode of performance acknowledges the audience—as in the case of the nightclub performer who sings, dances, jokes, and responds overtly to applause

The presentational mode

The mode of performance in which the audience watches interactions that are staged as if no audience were present at all is called

the representational mode

Coleridge's term for the audience participation engendered by way of empathy was

willing suspension of disbelief

Theatrical performance differs from other kinds of performance because

theatre is live, scripted, and rehearsed

Why did the playwright-director Bertolt Brecht use songs, signs, chalk talks, arguments, and slide projections in his productions

He wanted to discourage stage "magic" in order to appeal to the audience directly about social issues

How does a theatrical performance differ from a video or a filmed performance

The theatrical performance is live, with the audience and performers, who are aware of each other and mutually interact in their shared presence

Which of the following is true of the relationship between the play script and the performance

The script is a silhouette or outline of the play itself, which fully exists in performance only

The rigid distinction between the acting space and the audience space came to be formalized when acting became an unsavory, often illegal profession, t/f

false

Theatres built in Elizabethan London to accommodate both plays and bearbaiting provide an example of the shared history of theatre and sport. t/f

true

Since the development of motion pictures, theatre has suffered declining attendance, revenues, and numbers of theatres in America, t/f

false

The advantages of live performance include its two-way communication between audience and actors, unification of group responses, and live immediacy which makes every show novel and different, t/f

true

Although the names and allocations of craft functions such as directing, producing, designing, and stage managing have changed over the course of the theatre's history, the functions themselves have remained fairly constant, t/f

true

One term for a long-standing, collective group of theatre practitioners who have worked together is

troupe

What is a play?

an action focused around a particular conflict, which gives the action significance

In Western drama, a full-length play has historically been designated as one that

lasts two to three hours, typically

In Greek tragedy, the central character

undergoes a change that leads to his or her demise

Which of the following is true about the differences between tragedy and comedy

Tragedy typically deals with great people, whereas comedy deals with ordinary people

Tragic suffering differs from pathetic or maudlin feelings in that

the tragic hero takes on a bold and heroic dimension because he or she faces huge odds

Why do comedies typically go out-of-date more quickly than tragedies

Comedies are more topical and deal with ordinary life at the time they are written

Comedies that use a more bleak humor in dealing with serious themes are known as

dark comedies

Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman is different than its classically tragic ancestors because it

does not contain Gods, but rather contemporary forces

The Greek term for the "carrier of the action" in a tragedy is

protagonist

A play that dramatizes the key events in the life of a king or head of state, such as Shakespeare's Henry IV, is called

a history play

Ultimately, the practice of dividing plays into genre is

always subjective because each play is unique.

Which dramatic genre purports to be serious but, in fact, deals with human issues on only the most superficial level, embellished with spectacular staging, flamboyant dialogue, and highly suspenseful and contrived plotting

melodrama

Which dramatic genre offers a wild, hilarious treatment of a trivial theme, usually based on a stock component like identical twins, switched identities, lovers in closets, and might include full-stage chases, misheard instructions, various disrobings, discoveries, and disappearances

farce

Which one of the following is part of the horizontal axis of dramaturg

pre-play

The six components of a play which Aristotle lists, in order of importance, are

plot, character, theme, diction, music, and spectacle.

What is the difference between plot and story

Plot refers to the structure of events; story refers to a narrative of what happens in a play

Which element of drama refers not only to the pronunciation of spoken dialogue but also to the literary nature of the play's text, including its tone, imagery, articulation, and use of such literary forms as verse, rhyme, metaphor, jest, apostrophe, and epigram

diction

Which element describes the play's use of rhythm and sounds, either by way of instrumental composition or the orchestration of such noises as muffled drumbeats, gunshots, special effects, and vocal tones

music

The visual aspect of the play, including the scenery, costumes, lighting, make-up, and the over-all look of the stage are included in the element known as

spectacle

The agreement between the audience and the actor, which includes a whole set of tacit understandings that form the context of playwatching, is called

convention

Background information, presented within the play, which the audience must possess in order to understand the action of the play, is called

exposition

Which of the following offers a way that the playwright can present a play's exposition?

a spoken prologue that directly provides information

In play construction, the single action that initiates the major conflict of the play is called the

inciting incident

The final scene, action, or lines in a play devoted to bringing the play to a new level of harmony or understanding, perhaps even resolution, after the climax is called the

denouement

Genre means category or kind. t/f

true

The central character in any type of drama is called the tragic hero, t/f

false

The modern play that challenges Aristotle's definition of tragedy because the lead character is a "low man" is Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman, t/f

true

Aristotle's term for the play's abstracted intellectual content is "thesis." t/f

false

In a Greek play, the lead character that moves the action forward is opposed by a figure called the antagonist, t/f

true

According to Aristotle, it is impossible to break down the elements that make tragedy effective, t/f

false

When an actor turns to speak directly to the audience, unheard by the other characters, it is known as "side-speak." t/f

false

Some playwrights criticize the primacy Aristotle gives to plot as a recipe that leads to mechanical plays, t/f

true

Processions and the Ancient Greek proagon are two examples of ways in which theatre artists publicized their plays in ages past, t/f

true

The audience is not a part of the definition of conventions of the theatre, t/f

false

The purging or cleansing of the audience's pity and terror at the climax of a tragedy is called

catharsis

A play's final repository is

the minds and memories of its audience

The public form of play analysis following a production is called

dramatic criticism

Dramatic criticism usually appears in all the following forms...

production reviews in newspapers or periodicals, reactions to the play posted on blogs and online magazines,scholarly articles or books on dramatic literature

Examples of theatres that have been created or sustained by governments or ruling elites include..

ancient Greek, medieval liturgical and Corpus Christi drama, royal era

Why is the theatre in a strong position to force and focus public confrontation with social issues

Most productions do not act as propaganda but present the issues in all their complexity as food for thought and as such focus public debate, stimulate dialogue, and turn public attention and compassion to important issues

A play's relation to the individual stems from the fact that the best plays

link up with our deepest musings and help us to put our unconnected ideas into some sort of order or philosophy.

An audience member's aesthetic sensibility and response is

a composite of many individual reactions and therefore subjective

Plays that deal with theatrical matter not simply as a vehicle but as a theme are called

metadrama or metatheatre

Which of the following is NOT an example of a play that makes the theatre a matter in the play itself

Sophocles' Oedipus The King

What word fits the definition of "that which holds the attention?"

entertainment

Theatre can be seen as entertainment

in all cases

A member of the audience may see a play from five different critical and dramaturgical perspectives. What are five perspectives

social, personal, artistic, theatrical, and entertainment value

What form does professional dramatic criticism take

production reviews , scholarly works, and online blogs and journals

The journalist's review generally is

limited to a brief, immediate reaction written within a few days of seeing the performance

Which of the following is the journalist critic's principal job qualification

writing ability

Scholarly critics generally write

detailed, comprehensive, and rigorously researched articles without the deadline or space limitations of newspapers

Dramaturgy gained in popularity in the United States during

the 1960s, even though Europe has a long history of dramaturgical work

the professional scholar

seeks fresh insights from a body of literature while working within accepted methodologies

scholar means...

one who studies

Which is NOT one of the tasks a dramaturg may undertake in a play's artistic development

take over for the director during the theatrical run

The poet, playwright, philosopher, librarian, and scholar who is widely recognized as the first dramaturg is

Elia Kazan

Which type of critic needs sufficient background to provide a context for opinion and evaluation? His or her judgments are made against a background of knowledge and experience

the observant critic

Which type of critic holds the theatre to its highest possible standards and cuts against the inherent danger in drama to turn toward pure entertainment or sensationalism

the demanding critic

Which type of critic expresses thoughts with precision, clarity, and grace, through the careful building up of ideas, a presentation of evidence, logical argument, the use of helpful analogy and example, and a clear style of expression

the articulate critic

The presence of a critical focus in the audience has the effect of keeping the theatre

honest

All plays and play productions can be usefully analyzed and evaluated on the way they use the theatrical format to the best advantage and make us rethink the nature of theatrical production, t/f

true

Dramaturgy is essentially a subset of directorial responsibilities, t/f

false

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