Art History Test 2

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Krater

vessels used to mix water and wine

Geometric krater

An example of a krater

Meader pattern

(key-like pattern) surrounding a vessel

Geometric Krater

Example of meander pattern

Kouros

male youth

Kore

maiden

Amphora

two handled jar, typically used to store wine or oil

Pediment

triangle space at the end of the building; ornamental space

Metope

a square space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze

Stylobate

the uppermost course of the platform

Capital

has two elements, present in both orders, is a flat, square block that provides the immediate support for the entablature

Doric Order

is massive in appearance, its sturdy columns firmly planted on the stylobate. is very plain

Ionic Order

seems light and airy, and much more decorative. columns are more slender and rise from molded bases

Contrapposto

weight shift of counterpositioning of the body from central axis.

Kristios Boy, Riace Warrior, Spearbearer

Examples of Contrapposto

Fibula

Clasp or safety pin; used to clasp a woman's gown at shoulder

Repousse

hammered relief; achieved by beating metal plate from behind, leaving impressions

Fibula with Orientalizing Lions

Example of repousse

Tumulus

multi-chambered tomb, specific to Etruscans

Senate

council of elders or senior citizens; specific to Roman Empire

consul

leader of Republican Roman Empire

plebeians

working class roman citizens

patricians

upper class roman citizens

barrel vault

extension of a simple arch; creates semicylindrical ceiling over parallel walls; required additional buttressing

groin vault

formed by intersection of right angles of two barrel vaults; requires less buttressing

hemispherical dome

dome usually resting on cylindrical drums

Pantheon

Example of a hemispherical dome

veristic portrait

superrealistic Roman Republican portrait

Colosseum and Pompeii Amphitheater

Example of veristic portrait

amphitheater

literally means "double theater"

Colosseum and Pompeii Amphitheater

Example of an amphitheater

Oculus

literally mean "eye"; the round central opening of a dome

coffers

sunken decorative panels; lessen weight of a structure with out weakening it

Geometric, Archiac, Classical, Hellenistic

Four artistic periods with the Ancient Greek period

Kritos Boy

work first displays contapposto

The Grecian temple

was the house of the god or goddess of his or her fellows

outside the temple- at the east end, facing the rising sun

Where did the altar lay

Cella

a room with no windows that usually housed the cult statue of the deity

Black-figure technique of vase painting

in which artist painted black silhouettes and then incised linear details with the forms. early examples features Orientalizing animals

Achillies and Ajax playing dice game

Example of a black-figure technique of vase painting

Red-figure technique of vase painting

the painter outlined the figures and then colored the background black

Perciles

Which influential politician led the renovation of the Acropolis

Alexander the Great

transformed the Mediterranean world politically and ushered in a new artistic age as well

Macedon

Where was Alexander the Great from

one entrance and elevated - entrustic
ionic columns and marble/stucco material to appear like Greeks

How is the Temple of Prtumus and example of Etruscan an Greek influences

the legend of Romulus and Remus and the wolf was regarded as a symbol of Rome from ancient times... she wolf found the two boys

what myth does the Capitoline Wolf depict

are Rome's twin founders in its foundation myth

Romulus and Remus

animated faces, gliding legs, gesticulating arms

How does Etruscans depict their people

Head of Old Man.... his age is shown its a conntection to wisdom, ancestrial lineage, verusm= depiction of truth

Example of veristic portrait and how is it examplary of Roman Empire

Volcano erupture, was under 20 ft of ash

What happened to the City of Pompeii

So much of the city has been preserved

Why is Pompeii called the "living city of the dead"

considered the first emperor of the Roman Empire

Who is Augustus

Pax Augusta

refers to the long period (30 yrs) of relative peace the Roman Empire went through during the reign established by emperor Augustus.

Pax Romana

was the long period of relative peace and minimal expansion by military force experienced by the Roman Empire in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD

Constantine

Well known for being the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity,[notes 4] Constantine and co-Emperor Licinius issued the Edict of Milan in 313, which proclaimed religious tolerance of all religions throughout the empire.

a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome,

Pantheon

Marcus Agrippa

Commisioned the Pantheon

circles and squares

what shape is repeated throught the entire Pantheon

the "orb of the earth and the vault of the heaven

The conversions of teh horizontal and vertical circles symbolize

Phidias

Director and sculptural programs on the Parthenon

Archaic period

black-figure ceramics would more likely be found in conjection with at of the_______period

Severe Style

Many art historians refer to the Early Classical phase as

Pericles

The politician most responsible for rebuilding the structures of the Acropolis

Praxiteles

Who is the sculptor credited with introducing the first female nude into Greek Sculpture

Panthenaic Procession

What subject was portrayed on the fieze around the cella of teh Parthenon

Erechtheion

What temple of teh Acropolis hill was built around Athena's olive tree and Poseidon's trident

Alexander the Great

Which Greek Leader was schooled by Aristotle and influenced Hellenistic art by his capture of land

Lysippos

Which late Classical sculptor made figures taller and more slender as show in his Apozyomenos

Lacoon

Who was the priest who warned the Trojans not to bring in the giant wooden horse

Persians

Who sacked Athens in 480 BCE and destroyed the buildings of the Acropolis

lost-wax process

Which of the following techniques did the ancient Greeks perfer when creating life-size sculptures

Myron

Which classical artist was famous for his sculptures of athletes shown in his Diskobolos

Krater

what is a bowl for mixing wine and water

Andokides Painter

usually given credit for the invention of the red-figure technique as show in the bilingual

roof

most architechtural sculpture was made to decorate what part of the Etruscan temple

how did the Etruscans typically bury their dead

in subterranean rooms arranged underneath cemetery-like areas

The Delian League

How were the Athenians able to pay for the reconstruction of Acropolis

Etruscans

Terracotta sarcophagi showing life-sized reclining figures are most typical of ______

bronze sculptures

Etruscans artisians particulary excelled what type of sculptures

wood and mud brick

the etruscans preferred what type of building materials for their temples

Doric

The column used on Etruscan temples looks similar to which type of Greek column

prostyle

means having columns on only one side and refers to the Etruscan

Capitoline She-wolf

commissioned for the Roman republic after the Romans expelled

Rome

In the first centruy BC Etruscans became citizens

Cerveteri, Italy
7th century BCE
Etruscan Period-Archaic

Tumuli at Banditaccaia necropolis
(what city, founded, time period)

ca. 500-480 BCE
Etruscan-Classical

Capitoline Wolf
(founded, time period)

1st century BCE
Etruscan-Hellenstic

Aule Metele (Arrigatore)
(founded, time period)

Rome, Italy
75 BCE
Roman-Republic Period

Temple of Portunus
(what city, founded, time period)

1st century BCE
Roman- Republic Period

Head of Old Man
(founded, time period)

Herculaneum, Italy
2nd century BCE
Roman- Republic Period

Samnite House
(location, founded, time period)

Samnite House

first style wall painting

480 BCE
Greek-Classical

Kritios Boy
(founded, time period)

Iktinos and Kallikrates
Athens
447-438 BCE
Greek-Classical

Parthenon (temple of Athena)
(artist, location, founded, time period)

Lysippos
320 BCE
Greek-Late Classical

Weary Herakles
(artist, founded, time period)

Athanadoros and Hagesandros Polydoros of Rhodes
1st century
Greek-Hellenistic

Laocoon and his sons
(artist, founded, time period)

ca. 520 BCE
Etruscan- Archaic

Saracophagus with Reclining Couple
(founded, time period)

20 BCE
Roman- Early Empire

Portrait of Augustus as General
(time period, artistic period)

Rome, Italy
13-9 BCE
Roman- Early Empire

Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace)
(location, time period, artistic period)

Rome, Italy
70-80 CE
Roman- Early Empire

Colosseum
(location, time period, artistic period)

Rome, Italy
118-125 CE
Roman- High Empire

Pantheon
(location, time period, artistic period)

ca. 175 CE
Roman- High Empire

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius
(time period, artistic period)

Rome, Italy
312 CE
Roman- Late Empire

Arch of Constantine
(location, time period, artistic period)

740 BCE
Greek-Geometric period

Dipylon Geometric krater
(time period, artistic period)

650-625 BCE
Greek- Orientalizing period

Lady of Auxerre
(time period, artistic period)

ca. 600 BCE
Greek-Archaic

Kouros
(time period, artistic period)

Exekias
ca. 540 BCE
Greek-Archaic

Achillies and Ajax playing a dice game
(artist, time period, artistic period)

Paestum, Italy
ca. 460 BCE
Greek-Classical

Temple of Hera II
(location, time period, artistic period)

315 CE
Roman- Late Empire

Portrait of Constantine
(time period, artistic period)

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