Scale refers to the size and placement of a particular object or a part of a scene in relation to the rest. The relationship of scale is determined by ___________ and _____________.
the type of shot; the position of the camera
What is omniscient point of view?
the point of view of an omniscient camera
Characters such as Gollum from The Lord of the Rings and Benjamin from The Curious Case of Benjamin Button were created by _______________ and _____________.
the performance of a live actor; motion capture
A pan shot moves on a _____________, while a tilt shot moves on a ______________.
horizontal axis; vertical axis
What is the three-point system with respect to lighting?
the combination of key light, fill light, and back light
An iris-out is a transitional technique using a circular mask that contracts from larger to smaller. (True or False)
What is the rule of thirds?
a framing convention that divides the frame into three horizontal sections and three vertical sections
Lighting ratio is the balance between light and shadow—or the balance between the key and fill lights. Which of the following statements accurately describes high-key lighting?
The "highest" of high-key lighting results in no shadows.
A shot that is in between a long shot and a medium shot is NOT called ______________.
a full-body shot
What shot type typically provides a view of background information and is capable of dwarfing a subject and making it appear small or insignificant?
an extreme long shot
Which of the following statements about a zoom is NOT true?
A zoom occurs when the camera moves toward or away from the subject.
A lens with a short focal length makes the subjects on screen appear closer together than they actually are. (True or False)
A setup is an uninterrupted run of the camera. (True or False).
The director of photography is NOT responsible for which of the following?
Filming a shot
Special effects created on a fresh piece of film stock are called ______________.
The aspect ratio of a typical 35mm widescreen movie in America is _______________.
The four major kinds of lenses are:
wide-angle, telephoto; normal, zoom
Deep-focus composition makes use of a ___________ focal length in order to keep ___________ in focus.
short; all elements
A low-angle shot is often used to _______________.
make the subject seem powerful
The ____________ limits the amount of light that passes through the lens.
Correct answer: c) aperture
Depth of field refers to the space in front of the camera and what portion of that space is in focus. A lens with a short focal length has a ______________ depth of field.
What is a take?
the number of times a particular shot is captured
The average shot lasts just ten seconds. The duration of the opening shot of Orson Welles's Touch of Evil described in this chapter is much longer. This is an example of a sequence shot, more commonly referred to as ______________.
a long take
A _________ film stock is extremely sensitive to light and is therefore useful in low-light situations.
Slow motion decelerates action by filming it at less than the normal filming rate of 24 frames per second. (True or False)
Most Hollywood films are shot on ____________ film stock.
Special effects such as superimposition, split screen, and dissolves are all examples of what kind of effects?
Which of the following statements about a process shot is NOT true?
A process shot is a type of CGI imagery.
In an early scene in The Maltese Falcon, the filmmaker's use of an omniscient camera establishes a neutral relationship between Sam Spade (Humphrey Bogart) and Miss Wonderly (Mary Astor). What kind of angle is used in this shot and other shots that aim to imply neutrality?
an eye-level shot
Which of the following statements about black-and-white movies is NOT true?
Black-and-white movies are movies that lack color.
The tutorial explains that film lighting refers to the relationship between the illumination and the shadow on a subject. This relationship is expressed as a lighting ratio. What kind of ratio does this image represent?
high ratio or low key
This is an example of low key lighting. Based on what you have learned from the tutorial, in what kind of scene would this lighting ratio most likely occur?
A scary or dramatic scene
In addition to using different lighting ratios to achieve varied effects, the quality of light may be altered to influence our interpretation of a scene. Images [A], [B], and [C] show different qualities of light. Which of the three is an example of hard light or direct light?
image A Guy with cigar.
Soft light or diffused light is often used for:
glamorous stars or romantic situations
The direction of the light in a shot can also influence meaning. For example, back lighting is often used for:
This image is an example of the three-point lighting system, which is the combination of:
a key light, a fill light, and an edge or rim light
removes the shadows that accentuate the subject's dimensions
This is an example of a:
Because the viewer identifies with the lens, the type of shot used to film a subject can imply its significance. Which of the shots above imparts greater significance to the subject?
Shot types are one of the many tools filmmakers use to:
shape the unfolding drama
The extreme long shot is dominated by:
Look closely at the following shots: [A], [B], and [C]. Which of the three is a full shot?
image C B&W picture of woman with suitcases
A medium long shot is also known as an "American shot". Looking at [A], [B], and [C], which best shows the medium long shot?
image A, picture of guy in kitchen
Close-ups are typically used to:
punctuate important dramatic moments
Which of the following is NOT a function of an extreme close-up of a relatively small object?
Used to imply the object's insignificance.
This is an example of: (picture of old man in airplane)
an eye level shot
Low angle shots can make the subject seem:
A high angle shot:
looks down on a subject, from a position similar to that which a subject occupies in a low angle shot
An extreme high angle or bird's eye view:
positions the camera directly above the subject
Analyze shots [A], [B], and [C]. Which of the three images is an example of a dutch angle shot?
image B (picture of ballroom, man in tux, woman dancing)
What type of point of view does this shot sequence imply? (3 pictures from wild strawberries, 2 of old man one of old woman)
Single character point of view.
Point of view is typically implied by:
Omniscient point of view:
is characterized by the freedom to film varied subjects and locations
In the example from Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors, the point of view of the falling tree is implied by:
the framing and camera movement
The difference between a zoom and a track is:
a zoom involves a stationary camera and a change in focal length, while a track involves a moving camera
Focal length is the distance between the optical center of the lens and the film plane. This image, which approximates the way in which our eyes see the world, is shot with a 16mm camera and a 25mm focal length. This focal length is: (picture of woman up close in focus, man standing in background somewhat blurry)
a middle of the road focal length
Depth of field refers to:
the space in front of the camera and what portion of the space is in focus
Focal length can:
affect perspective, movement, and depth of field
Analyze shots [A], [B], and [C]. Which of the three is a wide angle shot?
shot B (picture of woman with man on bridge standing super far away)
A telephoto lens has which of the following effects on movement through depth?
It makes the subject appear to move slowly through a given space.
What is a personality actor?
an actor who projects a similar persona from role to role
Improvised acting allows directors to play a less active role when working with actors. (True or False)
Which figure is associated with nonnaturalistic performance?
What is a blimp?
a soundproof enclosure that prevents the sound of the camera from reaching the microphone
Why do the movie stars of today earn more money than stars in classical Hollywood?
Stars can now negotiate their earnings with studios.
Which of the following describes "synthesbian"?
A computer-generated character.
When filming a movie, actors usually perform their character's progression entirely out of sequence. (True or False)
The golden age of Hollywood was characterized by the movie star. What aspect of a star did studios most want to enhance to contribute to the overall experience of a movie?
a star's screen image
In the studio era, an option contract allowed an actor to drop an "option" and choose to move to another studio after their contract expired. (True or False)
Instead of memorizing the entire script, movie actors only learn the lines they need for the moment at hand. (True or False)
Which individual is capable of molding a performance with the greatest degree of control?
D. W. Griffith and Lillian Gish created a new kind of screen acting by studying the movements of ____________.
In what situation must actors focus on the communicative power of slight facial gestures, while ignoring the expressive potential of their bodies?
when being filmed in a close-up
Which of the following statements about extras is true?
Extras appear in nonspeaking or crowd roles.
What does it mean if an actor is typecast?
The actor tends to get cast in certain types of roles based on his or her looks.
What is a screen test?
when an actor auditions for a part in front of a camera
The Stanislavsky system or Method acting encourages actors to strive for ___________.
Early screen acting is characterized by _____________ gestures and ____________.
exaggerated; mouthed words
Delivering lines based loosely on the written script or without rehearsal is called ___________________.
The use of ensemble acting emphasizes ____________.
the interaction of actors
An actor who has the same approximate height, weight, and skin color as a star and who substitutes for them during the process of setting up the camera and lighting is called a:
The alienation effect or distancing effect seeks to ___________ the artificiality of performance and ____________ the audience's identification with the characters.
draw attention to; limit
What does transparency mean with respect to evaluating an actor's performance?
Transparency describes a performance in which the actor becomes invisible since the appropriateness of character is so convincing.
What are the different types of roles an actor may play?
Major, minor, character, cameo, walk-on
Acting is an aspect of filmmaking over which film directors have ____________.
less precise control than other aspects
Some actors defy persona. The tutorial suggests that Chris Cooper is such an actor because:
he deeply inhabits a wide range of characters
Of shots [A], [B], and [C], which is NOT a typical example of Jack Nicholson's established persona?
shot C (super serious face, in suit)
According to the tutorial, persona:
explains why audiences identify both with characters in films and the actors portraying them
One camera position and everything associated with it is called:
Three-point lighting relies on what kinds of lights?
Key light, fill light, backlight
Which of the following lenses flattens space and depth?
The long focal length
The distance in front of the camera lens in which objects are in apparent sharp focus is:
depth of field
Which of the following ensures that the viewer is watching a scene in real time?
A long take
The people appearing in the earliest films were:
real people playing themselves
Who is credited with inventing screen acting?
To suppress the distracting sounds made by early sound cameras, filmmakers used what device?
Which of these is generally NOT a major factor in casting?
Screen acting appears "naturalistic" when an actor:
Re-creates recognizable or plausible human behavior for the camera
Framing, composition, and the long take can:
all of the above: define relationships.. Require actors to work closely... Encourage audience....
Which of the following is not necessarily considered in analyzing acting?