uterine fibroids , health differences across life span 1 excelsior college
|uterine fibroids are also known as||leiomyomas|
|uterine fibroids/leiomyomas (same) are:||benign tumors that develop in the myometrium of the uterus.|
|uterine fibroids are the most commonly occuring benign tumors of the||pelvis|
|fibroids are more frequently occuring in||african american women|
|cause of fibroids is||unknown|
|fibroid growth seems to stimulated by||estrogen|
|fibroids are composed of _______muscle cells and can develop in any of the layers of the uterus.||smooth|
|uterine fibroids tend to shrink as the woman enters _______________stage.||menopausal|
|uterine fibroids do not predispose women to||uterine cancer|
|uterine fibroids are frequently asymptomatic depending on||size and location.|
|when symptoms of uterine fibroids do develop, __________is most common.||bleeding|
|symptoms of uterine fibroids include||bleeding(most common), bladder, rectal, and pelvic pressure. urinary frequency/retention, and constipation common.|
|if uterine is large the abdomen may be||enlarged|
|the pt may experience painful intercourse,____________ or infertility.||dyspareunia|
|with chronic blood loss of uterine fibroids, women may experience _______deficiency.||iron(anemia may develop)|
|uterine fibroids are usually diagnosed through a pelvic examination that demonstrates an||enlarged uterus and presence of nodular tumors.|
|_____________ used to diagnose and rule out presence of cancer||endometrial biopsy|
|CT scans, MRI, or sonography can be used to||confirm the diagnosis and determine the size and location of the tumors.|
|if fibroids are asymptomatic they will be||monitored without treatment|
|as the woman reaches menopause the uterine fibroids will||shrink|
|if uterine fibroids are symptomatic then||surgical treatment is necessary.|
|In some cases of symptomatic uterine fibroids, ___________therapy will be used to resect fibroid.||resect|
|In some cases of symptomatic uterine fibroids, a ____________may be performed to remove fibroid, leaving uterus intact.||myomectomy|
|uterine fibroids are most common cause for a woman to have a _____________||hysterectomy|
|The decision for a woman to have a hysterectomy is influenced by several factors. These factors include||severity of symptoms, age of pt, pt's desire to retain her ability to bear children.|
|the nursing assessment of uterine problems include:||history of unusual bleeding,any complaints of bladder, rectal, or pelvic pressure , urinary frequency or retention, constipation, tiredness ( anemia)|
|if a pt is scheduled for uterine surgery the nurse will||assess the pt's understanding of the surgical procedure and will address any concerns the pt may have.|
|prior to treatment for symptomatic uterine fibroids, the primary potential or actual nursing diagnosiss include the following:||urinary elimination, altered, secondary to bladder pressure from uterine fibroid.|
constipation secondary too rectal pressure from urterine fibroid tumor.
risk for fatigue secondary to chronic blood loss or anemia.
anxiety related to lack of knowledge about hysterectomy and impact on sexual functioning.
Ineffective sexuality patterns, altered, related to experiencing pain during intercourse.
|If the pt has a hysterectomy (vaginal or abdominal), as a result of the uterine fibroids, postop nursing diagnoses will include following:||acute pain, related to surgical intervention.|
urinary retention related to edema, loss of bladder tone, and pain.
constipation related to surgical manipulation of bowel.
ineffective sexuality patterens related to perceived feeling of undesirabiliy and fear of partner rejection.
Risk for distrurbed body image related to loss of uterus and childbearing ability.
|primary pt centered goals of care following hysterectomy include:|| pt will experience relief of pain.|
pt will demonstrate normal return of normal urinary elimination pattern.
Pt will have a normal bowel elimination pattern.
Pt will report decreased anxiety about effect of surgery on sexual functioning.
Pt will verbalize on having a positive body image.
|Preop care for hysterectomy includes:||teaching and addressing any concerns the pt may have about sexual functioning after surgery. Teaching about indwelling catheter following surgery, and pain management. The importance of early ambulation will be emphasized.|
|pt will have indwelling catheter after hysterectomy for||24 hours|
|upon removal of urinary catheter, pt urinary pattern will be||monitored, because it is common for pt's to have difficulty voiding, and urinary tract infections.|
|early ambulation following surgery is important as to avoid complication of||thrombophlebitis.|
|antiembolic compression stockings may be ordered to||promote return of peripheral circulation.|
|early ambulation postop also encourages||perstaltic activity|
|complaints to gas pain post op||commonly reported|
|for pt with vaginal hysterectomy||perineal care , sitz bath and heat lamps may be used to promote healing and provide comfort|
|discharge teaching after hysterectomy include:||UTI signs, incision care(clean and dry) and left open to air after Dr removes the surgical dressing,encouraged to mild exercising,avoid long sittings or long car rides, avoid heavy lifting,and not to resume sexual activity for six weeks after surgery.|
|the effectiveness of nursing interventions can be measured by the achievement of the following expected outcomes for the pt with a hysterectomy|| pt verbalizes relief of pain.|
pt demonstrates ability to urinate without difficulty.
pt experiences normal perstaltic activity.
pt verbalizes positive feelings related to body image and sexual functioning.
pt avoids postop complications(wound infections, uti's, thrombophlebitis,paralytic ileus)