Unit 6 Vocab

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37 terms

alluvial soil

rich soil made up of sand and mud deposited by running water

wadi

in the desert, a stream bed that is dry except for during a heavy rain

kums

term for deserts in central asia

phosphate

natural mineral containing chemical compounds often use in fertilizers

oasis

small area in the desert where water and vegetation are found

pastoralism

the raising of livestock

cereal

any grain grown for food

ethnic diversity

differences among groups of people based on their languages, origins, customs, or combinations of such characteristics

infrastructure

the basic urban necessities like streets and utilities.

domesticate

to adapt plants or animals from the world to make them useful to people.

culture hearth

a center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward

cuneiform

Sumerian writing system using wedge-shaped symbols pressed into clay tablets.

hieroglyphics

Egyptian writing system using pictures and symbols to represent words and sounds

qanat

underground canal used in water systems of ancient Persians

monotheism

belief in one God

prophet

person believed to be a messenger from God

mosque

in Islam, a house of public worship

nationalism

large, distinct ethnic groups within a country

nationalize

in place a company or industry under government control

embargo

a ban on trade

ziggurat

large step-like temple of mud and brick built in ancient Mesopotamia

bedouin

member of the nomadic desert people of North Africa and Southwest Asia

bazaar

a traditional marketplace ranging from a single street of stalls to an entire city district.

arable

suitable for growing crops

commodity

goods produced for sale.

petrochemical

chemical product derived from petroleum or natural gas

gross domestic product (GDP)

the value of goods and services within a country in a year

hajj

in Islam, the yearly pilgrimage to Makkah

aquifer

underground water-bearing layers of porous rock, sand, and gravel

desalination

the removal of salt from seawater to make it usable for drinking and farming

Kuwait

country with petroleum-based economy

OPEC

group of oil-producing countries

pipeline

long network of underground or aboveground pipes

TRACECA

network of road, rail, and air transportation systems

Elburz Mountains

polluted region at the southern end of the Caspian Sea

Garagum Desert (Kara Kum Desert)

black sand desert which covers most of Turkmenistan

Nile River

Longest river in the world, produces fertile soil, overflows in the spring and carries the soil and water to the dry deserts of Egypt.

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